Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 The Bill of Rights"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 4 The Bill of Rights Section 1The First Amendment
2 FreedomsThe bill of rights places strict limits on how the national government can use its power over the peopleThe Bill of rights we designed to protect our civil libertiesCivil liberties are the freedoms we have to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair treatment.
3 1st Amendment"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances
4 The First Amendment Protects our five basic freedoms Freedom of religionFreedom of speechFreedom of pressFreedom of assemblyFreedom of petition
5 Freedom of ReligionProhibits congress from establishing an official religionProtects the freedom of Americans to practice their faith as the wishProtects peoples right not to worship
6 Freedom of SpeechGuarantees that we can say what is on our minds, in public or in private, without fear of punishment by the governmentIncludes, face to face discussions, telephone conversations, lectures, radio, and TV broadcast. Also includes other forms of expression (internet, art, clothing, and music)
7 Freedom of the PressFreedom of the press ensures that the American people are exposed to a wide variety of viewpoints.Includes books, newspapers, magazines, radio , television, and internetInsure that the government cannot practice censorshipCensorship is ban materials merely because of the ideas they contain.
8 Freedom of AssemblyProtect our right to gather in groups for any reason, as long as the assemblies are peacefulWe have the right to attend meetings, parades, political rallies, and public celebrations.Government may make rules about when and where such activities can be held, but they cannot ban them
9 Freedom to PetitionGuarantees all American the right to petition the governmentA petition is a formal request often refers to a specific kind of document.The right to petition means the right to express one’s ideas to the government
10 Limits to First Amendment Freedoms The safety and security of Americans may justify limitations to our first amendment freedomsThe right to free speech for example does not include the right to endanger our government or other Americans.Citizens should use their civil liberties responsibly, and not interfere with the rights of other.Your rights end where someone else's rights begin
11 Limits to First Amendment Freedoms The first amendment was never intended to allow Americans to do what ever they please. Unlimited freedom is not possible in a society of many peopleSlander, Spreading lies that harm a person’s reputation (must be spoken to be slander)Libel – Spreading lies that harm a person’s reputation (must be written)