2 PRESENTATION OUTLINE Rio+20 Outcome MDGs Open Working Group on SDGs UNGA Decision on SDGsUNSG Synthesis ReportIntergovernmental NegotiationsNational EngagementPrinciples of South Africa’s PositionRecommendations
3 RIO+20 OUTCOMESOne of the main outcomes of Rio+20 held in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012, was the agreement by Member States to launch a process to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs).Rio+20 did not elaborate specific goals but stated that the SDGs should be limited in number, aspirational and easy to communicate.
4 RIO+20 OUTCOMESRio+20 provided the basis for the conceptualization of the SDGs and gave the mandate that the SDGs should be coherent with and integrated into the UN development agenda beyondThe goals should address in a balanced way all three dimensions of sustainable development and be coherent with and integrated into the UN development agenda beyond 2015.
5 MDGsThe 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in 2000, set bold targets for development and were key in forging a global cooperation framework for development.The MDGs target date for completion is September thereby allowing for a new set of goals beyond 2015.South Africa is currently in the drafting stages of the final review report on MDGs, which will seek to provide an account of progress or otherwise made on the targets set out in the goals.
6 OWG on SDGsThe Open Working Group (OWG) on SDGs forwarded to the 69th session (September 2014) of the United Nations General Assembly its proposal.The proposal included 17 goals with 169 targets on economic, social and environmental dimensions to improve the people‘s lives and protect the planet for future generations covering a broad range of sustainable development issues including ending poverty and hunger, improving health and education, and combating climate change.
7 UNGA DECISION ON SDGSThe General Assembly decided that the OWG on SDGs proposed goals would be the “main basis” of the post-2015 development agenda intergovernmental negotiations.From a developing country perspective the SDG proposal is pro-development focused and has been fully supported by developing countries, which clearly expresses an agenda aimed at ending poverty, achieving shared prosperity, protecting the planet and leaving no one behind.
8 UNSG SYNTHESIS REPORTSynthesis Report entitled: “The Road to Dignity by 2030: Ending Poverty, Transforming All Lives and Protecting the Planet”, incorporates the findings of all the various UN-driven processes, consultations and initiatives on the post-2015 development agenda.The synthesis report aims to support member states in discussions going forward, taking stock of the negotiations on the post agenda and reviewing lessons from the MDGs.The report stresses the need to “finish the job” – both to help people now and as a catalyst for the new agenda.
9 UNSG SYNTHESIS REPORTSix essential elements for delivering the SDGs
10 INTERGOVERNMENTAL NEGOTIATIONS Intergovernmental began in January 2015 to negotiate the post-2015 development agenda.Co-facilitated process (Kenya & Ireland).Series of monthly negotiations leading to the Summit in September.Facilitators have divided the process into 4 elements (political declaration; goals and targets; means of implementation and monitoring and implementation).
11 NATIONAL ENGAGEMENTDIRCO has established SDG Clusters, namely Social, Economic, Environmental, Means of Implementation, Peace and Security.DEA co-facilitates the Environment Cluster along with DIRCO, and has thus far held two inter-departmental consultations.The multi-stakeholder consultation for the environment sector has been scheduled for April 2015.DEA has also worked with the youth through the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) to gain their perspective on the SDGs.
12 PRINCIPLES OF SOUTH AFRICAN POSITION It is imperative that the post-2015 development agenda builds on the unfinished business of the MDGs and on the development gains achieved.The global development agenda should compliment national and regional priorities, including the NDP, NEPAD and Agenda 2063.The eradication of poverty and hunger, as well as combating inequality at all levels, has to be the overarching objective.
13 PRINCIPLES OF SOUTH AFRICAN POSITION 4. It should be acknowledged that countries have different starting points, national priorities and regional circumstances. The principles of Common But Differentiated Responsibilities, along with Equity and the Right to Development should be affirmed.5. The importance of integrating the three dimensions of sustainable development, in a balanced manner should be emphasised.
14 PRINCIPLES OF SOUTH AFRICAN POSITION The development agenda beyond 2015 has to emphasise the importance of the means of implementation, including financial assistance through continued Official Development Assistance (ODA).Developed countries must honour their historic obligations and responsibilities, as part of the commitments made in the context of the global partnership for development, which itself also needs to be expanded and strengthened.
15 RECOMMENDATIONSPortfolio Committee to note the SDGs development nationallyPortfolio Committee to note the global negotiation processes on SDGs