2 The Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments Contain basic rights of all American citizensRatified in 1791
3 The 1st Amendment Freedom of religion and “free exercise thereof” Primacy of PositionThe 1st AmendmentFreedom of religion and “free exercise thereof”Freedom of speechFreedom of the pressFreedom to assemble and petition the governmentThe Big 4
14 11th AmendmentLawsuits brought against a state must be tried in a state court, not federal court.1795
15 The 12th AmendmentBy the 3rd presidential election, they realized there were some problems in the process. This amendment corrected them.1804
16 The Civil War Amendments Abolished SlaveryAmendment 14 (1868)Grants citizenship to former slaves and grants them equal protection of the laws.Amendment 15 (1870)Grants right of all citizens to vote.
17 16th AmendmentThe Supreme Court had declared a federal income tax to be unconstitutional. This amendment was passed to alter the Supreme Court’s decision for the future and expressly allow an income tax to be levied directly on the people by the federal government.1913
18 Direct election of senators The 17th Amendment1913Direct election of senators
19 Of alcoholic beverages. The 18th AmendmentProhibition of theManufactureSaleTransportationOf alcoholic beverages.1919
21 20th Amendment The “Lame Duck” Amendment 1933 Moved the date for new President to take office from March to January.Moved the date for new session of Congress to begin from March to January.Provided for VP-elect to succeed if President-elect dies.Provides for selecting a President and VP if they die before the election is decided.