Presentation on theme: "Chapter 26 Section 2 The “Great Society”. Lyndon Johnson’s Rise to the Presidency Member of the House of representatives-1937 Won a Senate seat in 1948."— Presentation transcript:
Lyndon Johnson’s Rise to the Presidency Member of the House of representatives-1937 Won a Senate seat in 1948 Senate Majority Leader- 1955 Kennedy’s Vice President in 1961 President 1963
Great Society Johnson’s legislative agenda Wanted to provide government assistance to the poor, improve the economy, improve the education system, and improve the environment
Head Start Great Society program Preschool program for children from low-income families that also provides health care, nutrition services, and social services.
Elementary and Secondary Education Act Great Society program Significantly increased federal funding for public schools
Volunteers in Service to America VISTA Great Society Program Sent volunteers to help people in poor communities
Medicare Great Society Program Provides hospital and low cost medical insurance to most Americans age 65 and older.
Medicaid Great Society Program Provides low-cost health insurance coverage to poor Americans of any ago who cannot afford their own private health insurance
Immigration Act of 1965 Replaced quota system with a limit of 20,000 immigrants per year from any one country outside the Western Hemisphere. The act set overall limits of 170,000 immigrants from the Eastern Hemisphere and 120,000 from the Western Hemisphere.
Under President Johnson, how did the role of the federal government change Government become more activist The primary focus of Johnson’s Great Society program was to vastly increase the federal government’s role in tackling social problems He desired to demonstrate the government’s commitment to provide help to needy Americans
Warren Court The Supreme Court of the Kennedy-Johnson years under Chief Justice Earl Warren Overturned many old laws and rulings and established new legal precedents
Roth v. United States The Supreme Court made the first attempt to define obscenity Ruled that obscene materials were “utterly without redeeming social importance.”
Griswold v. Connecticut 1965 The court struck down a Connecticut law that prohibited the use of birth control
Engel v. Vitale 1962 The Court ruled that religious prayer in public schools was unconstitutional according to the 1 st Amendment principle of separation of church and state.
Mapp v. Ohio 1961 Established the exclusionary rule, which states that evidence seized illegally cannot be used in a trial.
Gideon v. Wainwright 1963 Stated that suspects in criminal cases who could not afford a lawyer had the right to free legal aid.
Escobedo v. Illinois 1964 Ruled that accused individuals had to be given access to an attorney while being questioned.
Miranda Rule Miranda v. Arizona 1966 Stated that suspects must be warned of his or her rights before being questioned Right to remain silent, anything they say can and will be used against them in court, right to an attorney, if they cannot afford one, one will be provided for them
Apportionment The distribution of seats in a legislature among electoral districts Over the years, many Americans had moved from rural to urban districts, but most state governments had not reapportioned their electoral districts to reflect that fact.
Baker v. Carr 1962 Declared that state legislative districts had to be divided on the basis of “one man, one vote.” Each person’s vote should carry the same weight, regardless of where in the state the person lived Prevented the party I power from drawing district lines in unfair ways to give itself more potential votes
Reynolds v. Sims 1964 The Court held that state legislative districts not based on the “one man, one vote” formula violated the equal protection clause of the 14 th Amendment
Why might some oppose some of the rulings of the Warren Court? Many people believed the court was too liberal Too much federal intervention into state matters Protects the rights of accused criminals more than the rights of the victims