Presentation on theme: "The Food Groups OBJ: I will investigate the importance of good nutrition. I will examine the benefit of each food group."— Presentation transcript:
The Food Groups OBJ: I will investigate the importance of good nutrition. I will examine the benefit of each food group.
Bellwork ✤ What do you already know about nutrition, healthy eating, and disease prevention? ✤ What healthy foods do you enjoy eating? What unhealthy foods do you enjoy eating? Do you have an overall balanced diet? ✤ What five healthy changes could you make to improve your diet? ✤ Why is it important to eat healthy today and as you age? ✤ It is predicted that your generation will be the first generation in history to have a life expectancy less than your parents. Why? What role does nutrition play? ✤ The leading cause of death in the United States is heart disease. The leading actual cause of death is poor diet and physical inactivity. What types of foods increase a person’s risk of heart disease/heart attack?
What are calories? ✤ What are calories? Are they good are bad? ✤ Look at your notes to determine approximately how many calories per day you should be eating. ✤ How can calories contribute to weight gain, weight loss, or maintaining a healthy weight? 140 calories 460 calories vs. Kentucky Fried Chicken Breast Grilled w/o skin Extra Crispy Fried
Calories Consumed Per Day ✤ YearsGender Moderate to Vigorous Exercise Calories per day ✤ 15MaleLess than 30 minutes2,200 ✤ 15Male30-60 minutes2,600 ✤ 15MaleMore than 60 minutes3,000 ✤ 15FemaleLess than 30 minutes1,800 ✤ 15Female30-60 minutes2,000 ✤ 15FemaleMore than 60 minutes2,400 ✤ 16MaleLess than 30 minutes2,400 ✤ 16Male30-60 minutes2,800 ✤ 16MaleMore than 60 minutes3,200 ✤ 16FemaleLess than 30 minutes1,800 ✤ 16Female30-60 minutes2,000 ✤ 16FemaleMore than 60 minutes2,400
Why do we eat? ✤ Eat to maximize performance ✤ Eat for optimal body composition ✤ Eat to promote good health and prevent diseases
Food Groups: Class Activity ✤ As a class, arrange the foods in the front of the classroom according to their food group
Fruits and Vegetables ✤ Provides vitamins and minerals ✤ Good source of fiber ✤ Low in calories and high in nutrients ✤ Reduces risk of many diseases including heart disease, diabetes, and some forms of cancer ✤ Video Clip: The Truth About Food
Dairy ✤ Video Clip: The Truth about Food Provides Calcium and Vitamin D for bone growth Choose low-fat or fat-free, which has less saturated fat
Protein ✤ Helps with tissue maintenance and repair ✤ Provide energy ✤ Choose protein that is low in saturated fat ✤ \
Grains ✤ Provide body with energy ✤ Whole grains vs. refined grains? ✤ Half your daily intake of grains should be whole grains vs.
Whole grains vs. Refined grains ✤ Refined grains: -First ingredient is “Enriched Wheat flour” or “Wheat flour” -Process as a Sugar: Quick energy and then crash -Low nutrients, high calories = weight gain ✤ Whole grains: -First ingredient is “Whole” grain/oat/wheat -Good source of fiber, which helps with digestion, lowers cholesterol levels, and lowers blood pressure -Helps to maintain constant energy through out day -Controls hunger
Oils ✤ Contain essential fatty acids ✤ Choose oils low in saturated fat VS
Classwork assignment: turn in ✤ On a sheet of paper, make a list of the foods you typically eat for breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks. Beside the food, write which food group the food is in. ✤ See board for example. ✤ Ask neighbor for assistance if needed.
ChooseMyplate.gov ✤ What does your plate look like?
Homework ✤ Create a 1 day food chart ✤ See board for example