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Chapter 28 Human Geography of East Asia Shared Cultural Traditions

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 28 Human Geography of East Asia Shared Cultural Traditions"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 28 Human Geography of East Asia Shared Cultural Traditions
Objective: Compare the key features of shared cultural traditions in East Asia

2 Chapter 28 Section 1 China Vocabulary: Dynasty, Spheres of Influence, Boxer Rebellion, Mao Zedong, Confucianism, Taoism, & Buddhism Objective: Describe the growth of China

3 China’s Early History China is the world’s oldest continuous civilization For over 4000 years it has had a settled society China was ruled by dynasties (series of rulers from the same family) The first dynasty was the Shang then the Zhou then the Qin (gave its name to China) Emperor Shi Huangdi built the Great Wall to protect China In 1911, the last dynasty was overthrown ending the Chinese Empire

4 China Opens Up the World
China opened up trade to European in the 13th century Europeans took advantage of China & forced it to sign treaties that granted privileges to Europeans China was carved into spheres of influences controlled by Britain, France, Germany, Russia, & Japan Boxer Rebellion: Chinese rose against the Europeans but were put down Mao Zedong defeated the Chinese Nationalist & implemented a communist government in China

5 Rural & Industrial Economies
China is still a largely rural society has a self-sufficient agriculture 60% of Chinese work on farms China produces rice, maize, wheat, & sweet potatoes Shanghai leads China as a center of manufacturing & is one of the great industrial centers of the world It has a huge textile industry & exports most of its cloth to the United States

6 A Rich & Complex Culture
China has a highly developed culture It has influenced the cultures of Korea, Japan, & other countries Confucianism: movement based on the teachings of Confucius who stressed the importance of education in an ordered society where you respect your elders Taoism: philosophy based on teachings of Lao-Tzu who believed in harmony Buddhism came to China from India & great into an important religion in China by the 300s AD

7 The Most Populous Country
China’s population is over 1.5 billion 30 to 40 Chinese cities have populations of more than one million people One of the great achievements of China has been trying to provide health care for its enormous population

8 Chapter 28 Section 2 Mongolia & Taiwan
Vocabulary: Economic Tiger & Pacific Rim Objective: Describe the cultures of Mongolia & Taiwan

9 A History of Nomads & Traders
The Mongols were nomadic headers until Genghis Khan (supreme conqueror) united then in 1206 Genghis Khan’s sons & grandsons continued to conquer east, west, & south out of Mongolia Mongolia became a Republic in 1924 Since the fall of the Soviet Union it has moved toward democracy Taiwan has been settled by several different groups China has never recognized Taiwan as a separate country & considers it a province

10 Cultures of Mongolia & Taiwan
China introduced a profound cultural influence as the Mongols adopted many aspects of Chinese culture Taiwan is mostly Chinese today The people of Taiwan combine a number of religious & ethical beliefs with their Chinese culture 90% practice a blend of Buddhism

11 Two Very Different Economies
Mongolia still engages in herding & managing livestock Mongolia is committed to developing other industries Their natural resources are important to their developing economy Taiwan has one of the world most successful economies with prospering manufacturing industries It is a economic tiger (country with rapid economic growth due to cheap labor, high technology, & aggressive exports)

12 Daily Life in Mongolia & Taiwan
Mongolia has an extreme climate where nomads have to deal with the hostile environment Mongolians live in yurts & spend their days raising sheep, cattle, & goats Taiwan has opened itself to many Western influences

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