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Click to edit Master title style Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Brussels Development Briefing no. 41 Improving Nutrition through Accountability, Ownership and.

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Presentation on theme: "Click to edit Master title style Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Brussels Development Briefing no. 41 Improving Nutrition through Accountability, Ownership and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Click to edit Master title style Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Brussels Development Briefing no. 41 Improving Nutrition through Accountability, Ownership and Partnership Overview: Undernutrition, Malnutrition and How to Improve Nutrition at Scale? Marie Ruel Director | Poverty, Health and Nutrition | IFPRI

2 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Malnutrition: A Continuum From hunger (lack of food), to deficits in protein, energy, essential micronutrients to unbalanced diets (excess fat, sugar, salt) leading to overweight/obesity/NCDs 1 common thread: poor diets

3 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 THE CHALLENGE

4 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Hunger: 805 Million still undernourished Prevalence of undernourishment (%) Source: FAO 2014

5 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Stunting: ~162 M children (1 in 4)  Figure 4 5 2.1% annual rate of reduction is not fast enough to reach WHA target Source: Lancet 2013

6 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Wasting: 52M (19M severely) Source: Lancet 2013

7 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Wasting: 52M (19M severely) Source: Lancet 2013

8 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Micronutrient deficiencies: 2 Billion people Source: HarvestPlus 2011 from WHO data Prevalence of Iron, Vitamin A, Zinc Deficiencies

9 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Overweight/obesity: increasing rapidly Also rising rapidly in children: 41% of the world’s overweight/obese children live in Asia Women Source: Lancet 2013

10 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Anemia in overweight/ Obese women Egypt In same country In same household In same individual Under and over-nutrition coexist

11 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 WHY DOES NUTRITION MATTER? 2 12-y old Bangladeshi girls

12 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 A stunted child is a stunted adult Height at 18 y 81.2 SevereModerateMildWell-nourished Height at 3 y  Damage is irreversible

13 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Nutrition is the foundation of development Fuente: Shenggen Fan, 2014  For survival (45% child deaths associated with poor nutrition)  For health, physical and cognitive development  For education, economic productivity, income  For breaking the inter- generational transmission of poverty  For preventing NCDs Economic cost of malnutrition: $2.8- 3.5 trillion (4-5% global GDP) (FAO 2013) Economic cost of malnutrition: $2.8- 3.5 trillion (4-5% global GDP) (FAO 2013)

14 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 HOW CAN WE ACCELERATE PROGRESS IN IMPROVING NUTRITION?

15 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 1. Focus on the 1st 1000 days Source: Kay Dewey

16 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 2. Scale-up nutrition-specific interventions Set of 10 nutrition-specific interventions that focus on FOOD, HEALTH, CARE: (e.g. Optimal BF + CF; MN supplementation; high-quality diets; preventive health care; treatment of severe acute malnutrition, etc.

17 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 3. Work multi-sectorally to address underlying determinants of malnutrition multiple sectors Social Protection Health Agriculture & Food Systems Gender Water and Sanitation Education

18 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 4. Make the food system more nutrition- sensitive Policies that:  Increase availability/access to nutrient-rich foods & diets  Make value chains more nutrition- sensitive  Reduce inequalities  PPP in food marketing sector FOOD SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT Health & Nutrition Biophysical Environment Socioeconomic Environment Political Environment Demographic Environment FOOD SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT Health & Nutrition Biophysical Environment Socioeconomic Environment Political Environment Demographic Environment FOOD SYSTEM Natural Resources & Inputs Primary Production Transport, Storage, Processing Consumption Retailing, Marketing HEALTH & NUTRITION CHANGES IN FOOD SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT OUTCOMES CHANGES IN FOOD SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT OUTCOMES

19 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 5. Empower Women Source: Sundberg, Birxs, Ruel; BMGF Learning Session; January 2014

20 Shenggen Fan, April 2015 Final Messages  Be purposeful about nutrition and gender  Make multisectorality a mindset  Develop/embed right set of incentives for multisectoral work at all levels (top to ground)  Strengthen capacity  Build solid partnerships  Recognize opportunities, risks, limitations of agriculture/food systems, exploit synergies with other sectors  Ensure policy coherence & coordination around nutrition  Invest  Document and measure – build evidence base


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