2 Essential QuestionsHow do you know when to use the forehand or the backhand grip in tennis?What is the difference between the forehand or back hand shot and the volley or lob shots in tennis?
3 HISTORY The history of tennis dates back several thousand years. In the beginning the ball was hit with the hand.Soon the leather glove came into existence.This was soon replaced with an adaptive handle for effective hitting and serving of the ball. Thus was born the first racket.The first tennis ball was wooden.It gave way to a bouncier, leather ball filled with cellulose material.The original court was shaped like an hour glass.In France, they used to play it as handball, without rackets. When they struck the ball, they would yell "Tene!" which meant "take that!" in French. That’s how where we got the name, tennis.
4 TENNIS EQUIPMENT Tennis ball Tennis Balls on a string Tennis Net BalloonTennis Racket
5 TENNIS SAFETYIn a regulation tennis game, players must wear proper athletic attire.Be aware of your spacial surroundings when swinging your racket.Playing area needs to be debris free.Practice proper communication , for example make sure your opponent is ready before you serve the ball.When playing doubles be aware of the position of your partner.
6 HOW TO PLAY Tennis is played in single or doubles The person who starts the game by serving is decided by flipping a coinServing begins on the right hand court, and must be served into the diagonal serving box on the opposite sideScoring is: love (zero), 15, 30, 40 gameTo win a game, you must score 4 pointsEach game must be won by 2 points as well as each set by 2 gamesTo win a set, you must win 6 gamesWinner is best 2 out of 3Every serve results in pointsThe ball must be hit after only one bounce on a sideThe ball may be hit before it bounces except on the serveA ball that lands on the line is good/fair
7 HOW TO PLAY MODIFIED GAME RULES A ball that is hit over the net is considered a playable ball as long as the ball touches inside the doubles line and baseline.The ball may touch the net when being served. (Instead of being a “let”).The ball may bounce more than one time and still be played. (Instead of the one bounce regulation).The ball may be served from the service line (or closer if needed). (modified from the baseline to shorten the distance)
8 TENNIS COURT BASELINE/SERVING LINE-Furthest outside lines on the court DOUBLE SIDELINESINGLESIDELINEBASELINEBASELINE/SERVING LINE-Furthest outside lines on the courtDOUBLES COURT-Furthest outside lines on the courtSINGLES COURT-Inner sideline on court
9 MODIFIED TENNIS COURT MODIFIED SERVICE LINE MODIFIED SINGLES SIDELINE
10 “shake hands” with the racquet; form a V with the thumb and forefinger EASTERN GRIP“shake hands” with the racquet; form a V with the thumb and forefinger
11 FOREHAND STROKE 6TH GRADE A tennis stroke that begins on the strong side of one’s body
12 FOREHAND STROKE CUES 6TH GRADE Side to netRacket down and backStep and swingFollow through toward wall/partner
13 BACKHAND STROKE 7TH GRADE A tennis stroke that begins across the weaker side of one’s body, can be done using one or two hands (for more stability) in hitting the ball to the other side of the net
14 BACKHAND STROKE CUES 7TH GRADE Eyes on ballKnees bentRacket moves across the body to prepare to make contact with the ballGrip racket with one or two handsFlat racket and swing through toward the net
15 OVERHEAD SMASH 8TH GRADE A tennis stroke that begins with reaching up racket arm as high as possible, get strings up and over the ball, then snap the racquet head powerfully through the ball
16 OVERHEAD SMASH CUES 8TH GRADE Racket down behind the headPoint free hand at the ball as it falls to groundReach and extend for the ball with racketSnap the racket with power through the ballSwing racket downwardFollow through
17 SERVE High SchoolThe first shot of each game The server must begin from the right side of the court behind the baseline and hit the ball diagonally across the court.
18 SERVE CUES High SchoolStand sideways to the net with strong foot in backToss ball upwardHit ball with racket at highest pointFollow through
19 READY POSITIONThe position that a person stands in while waiting for the ball; This is done by standing with feet shoulder width apart, knees bent, weight on balls of feet, racket in center of body, and eyes on opponent
20 “Let” Serve “Fault” Serve The ball hits the net on the serve and falls into the service court, it is a “let” and is served againA serve that lands out of bounds or doesn’t go over the net. Results in the loss of a point for the person serving
21 DUECE LOVE RALLY MATCH POINT When the score is tied (40 /40).Another name fora score of 0RALLYMATCH POINTA point that will end the match if it is won by the leading playerA long series of shots
22 VOLLEYLOBA stroke that is used to receive and deliver a ball back to an opponent without allowing it to hit the groundA tennis shot that goeshigh up in the airALLADA short term used for the word advantage. A player who scores a point at 'deuce’ (when the game is tied)has the advantage, meaning if they win the next point, they win the gameAnother name foran tied score
24 WHY SHOULD I PLAY TENNIS? Playing Tennis is good for my cardiovascular healthPlaying Tennis stimulates my brainPlaying Tennis helps keep my muscles and joints flexible and strongPlaying Tennis allows me to make new friends and have fun while being active
25 HOW WILL TENNIS BENEFIT ME IN MY LIFE? Playing Tennis keeps me at a healthy weightPlaying Tennis will help me stay energizedPlaying Tennis is a great way to make friends