10 tropical rain forest Located around or near the equator. Land covered by tall trees and lush plant growth.Warm/hot temperatures year round 68-93oFhigh amounts of rain ”Ferns, orchids, and tall (canopy) treesParrots, snakes, frogs, monkeys, lizards
11 Thousands of species of trees and other plants. Thousands of species of animals: monkeys, frogs, birds, insects, etc.A lot of rain and an astonishing variety of organisms.Produce 40% of Earth’s oxygen
14 tropical grassland or savanna a grassland biome near the equatorWarm temperatures (~70o F)Wet and dry seasonsDry 4” of rain, wet 15-25” of rainGrasses, shrubs, and a few treesAnimals like zebras, giraffes, wildebeest, gazelles, lions, leopards, elephantsWhere the zoo animals live. (Lion King)
18 deserts Land covered by rocks or sand. Poor soil. Extreme temperature changes between day and night oFVery little rain--receives less than 10 in. (25 cm) of rain each yearSome have cold winters, some have cold nighttime temperatures, but they have high daytime temperatures
19 desertsA few plants that are able to store water such as the saguaro cactus and creosote bushes.Animals mainly come out at nightSnakes, other reptiles, rodentsOwls, hawks, roadrunnersVery few large animals.Barren, windblown sand dunes (hot deserts).
23 Land covered by deciduous trees. Moderate temperatures (average 50oF)Abundant rainfall throughout the year. (average in.)Four distinct seasons.
24 temperate deciduous forest Mostly deciduous trees such as beech, oak, maple, elm, hickory and some coniferous trees.Animals include earthworms, birds, white-tailed deer, foxes, squirrels, raccoons, etc.Deciduous trees (trees that lose their leaves)Georgia is located in this biome.
28 temperate grassland Covered with grasses, but basically no trees. Found at the same latitude as temperate deciduous forests.Not enough rain to support many trees.Ave. temp 56oF; ave. rainfall in.Grasses such as wheat. Scattered trees.Also called pampas, steppe or veldt.
29 temperate grasslandMostly grazing animals like antelope, prairie dogs, coyotes, bison/buffalo, skunks, badgers, and songbirds.Called the “Bread baskets of the world” because of the crops grown there. (cereals—wheat, barley, corn)Great Plains in the US/prairie
33 taiga (ty-guh) Land covered by coniferous trees. Long, cold winters with little precipitation, but warmer and wetter summers.Ave. temp oF; ave. rainfall 12 in.Plants include coniferous trees such as pine, fir, and spruce
34 taiga (ty-guh)Deer, elk, caribou, wolves, moose, black bears, shrews, other rodents, and migratory birdsSome animals migrate to warmer climates in the winter; some hibernateA cold forest of evergreen trees
37 tundra Land covered with ice for most of the year made up of soil called permafrost—a layer of permanently frozen soila cold biome that does not support treesExtremely cold and dry.Ave. temp oF; ave. rainfall 8 in. (a cold desert)
38 tundra Low grasses and lichens. No/few trees. Fewer species than other biomes.caribou, arctic foxes, snowshoe hares, owls, voles (rodents)Amphibians and reptiles are rare (they are cold blooded and cannot maintain a constant body temperature).A cold, treeless plain; Arctic regionsThe largest biome—covers about 20% of Earth’s land.
39 temperate deciduous forest Moderate rainfallModerate temperaturesTrees that lose their leaves
40 tropical rain forest High levels of rainfall High temperatures Many species of plants and animals
41 desert Low levels of rainfall High temperatures during the day Low temperatures at nightFew large animals
42 tundra Low to moderate rain fall Lower temperatures year round Few trees
43 temperate grasslands/prairie Moderate rainfallModerate temperaturesFew trees
44 taiga Low to moderate rain fall Low temperatures for most of the year (long winters)Many coniferous trees
45 tropical grasslands/savanna High levels of rainfall at times (wet season)Low levels of rainfall at times (dry season)Moderate to high temperaturesFew trees