Presentation on theme: " Discussion: A cooperative exchange of information, opinions, and ideas. One of the best methods for solving problems Group members bring all sides."— Presentation transcript:
Discussion: A cooperative exchange of information, opinions, and ideas. One of the best methods for solving problems Group members bring all sides of a problem to the surface for consideration. Having the Right Attitude for Group Work: Open minded Interact in a cooperative manner, not competitive
Discussion is dynamic You can change your minds as you hear new ideas Discussion requires patience Can seem slow since each member is allowed to speak Discussion is the basis of our Democratic system Find ways to solve problems through sharing information, ideas, and feelings
Panel Discussion Relatively informal discussion that takes place in front of an audience Members sit facing the audience Members usually talk to each other Symposium Present opposing points of view Invited experts deliver short speeches on a subject After being introduced, each speaker stands and faces the audience
Town Hall Meeting Dates back to early American colonies Colonists would assemble in a large hall A vote usually taken to settle the issue https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YYmww0Y Qhk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YYmww0Y Qhk
Group Size Four to Seven members is best for a group Less than Four: Lack the diversity needed for spark Groups of Seven to Ten: Discourage quiet people from talking More than Ten: A few people talk, most people just listen
Seating Arrangements If someone takes a central position (at the head of a U-shaped group of chairs), or in the front of a row, talk usually flows to or through that person. If the group is in a circle, everyone can easily look at one another and talk flows from one person to another. People who sit in groups tend to feel more satisfied with their participation
Cohesion Cohesion: when members have respect for each other, share similar values, and look to each other for support If belonging to a group is important, members will be more cohesive Group membership offers: a chance to socialize, feel a sense of purpose, remain loyal, etc…
Define the problem: Understand the problem Establish what problems will not be considered Establish Criteria for a Workable Solution: Decide on Criteria, a set of standards that the solution must meet.
Analyze the Problem: Break the problem down into smaller pieces for closer inspection Suggest Possible Solutions Brainstorming: Bombard the problem with fresh ideas The obvious solution is not always the best No solution should be accepted until several have been proposed, examined, and compared
Evaluate Each Solution and Select the Best One Refer back to criteria Make a careful comparison Determine which solutions meet the criteria Suggest Ways for Testing or Carrying Out the Solution Make sure the solution is practical Give your solution a quick test, if possible
Conflict as a Positive Force Constructive Conflict: Members use their differences to discover the best ideas. By analyzing different ideas, groups may become less committed to the status quo Disruptive Conflict Polarizes members Nitpickers, Fence Setters, Wise Crackers, Superior Beings, Dominators (pp. 154-155)
Active Listening Even if you do not have anything to say, you are still participating Be impartial Be attentive and Courteous Preparing for Discussion Take time to review notes, research, and think about the problem beforehand Contributing as a Leader Do not wait for a leader to emerge Designate or elect a leader
Getting the Meeting Started Questions for Fact: Recall information that touches on the business at hand Questions of Interpretation: Asks for opinions on what the information means Questions of Evaluation: Ask members to agree or disagree with possible solutions and make judgments
Keep the Discussion Going Good leaders work to see that everyone participates Leaders provide occasional paraphrases Set an example Recognize and praise group members contributions Avoid negative nonverbal signals.
Close the Discussion Be alert that the signs that the group is ready to quit (repeating, take up minor points, or wander from the question) Reach a consensus, or a nearly unanimous agreement Do not give up argument or consensus too easily Avoid “Group Think”, or going along with the group and abandoning your own ideas and beliefs