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16.3 The Holocaust How did Hitler’s plan for Aryan domination become reality?

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Presentation on theme: "16.3 The Holocaust How did Hitler’s plan for Aryan domination become reality?"— Presentation transcript:

1 16.3 The Holocaust How did Hitler’s plan for Aryan domination become reality?

2 The Persecution Begins Hitler wanted Germany to be racially pure 1933: Just three months after taking power, Hitler ordered all non-Aryans out of govt. jobs He then began the persecution of all non- Aryans, particularly Jews This resulted in the Holocaust, the systematic murder of over 11 million people across Europe Over half of the murdered people were Jews

3 Continued Anti-Semitism, or hatred of Jews, had a long history in Germany and other parts of Europe; they were used as a scapegoat in Germany for the failures of the country Hitler blamed them for Germany’s defeat in WWI, as well as the country’s economic problems In 1935, new laws took away Jews’ civil rights and their property They were forced to wear yellow stars of David on their clothing


5 Continued On November 9, 1938, organized, violent persecution began with Kristallnacht, a German word meaning ‘night of broken glass’ Gangs of Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues across Germany Jews were then blamed for the destruction, and many were arrested and fined




9 Continued Many Jews started to flee Germany; Nazis supported this, but other nations didn’t want to accept refugees The U.S. would not change its immigration quotas due partly to anti-Semitism and partly to economic worries from the Depression Once war broke out in Europe, Americans said they feared the refugees would become ‘enemy agents’

10 Hitler’s ‘Final Solution’ In 1939, there were only a quarter of a million Jews left in Germany, but other countries Hitler had occupied had millions more His ultimate goal was to rid all of Europe of its Jewish population; he began implementing his ‘final solution’, which amounted to genocide, the deliberate and systematic killing of an entire population

11 Continued To accomplish this, Nazis arrested anyone they identified as ‘enemies of the state’ and condemning them to slavery and death Nazis also rounded up political opponents (Communists, Socialists, liberals) and other groups including Gypsies, Freemasons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, the disabled, and the terminally ill Some Jews were forced into ghettos, segregated Jewish areas where they were made to work in factories or left to starve




15 The Final Stage Most Jews were sent to concentration camps, where they suffered hunger, illness, overwork, torture, and death The early camps did not kill Jews fast enough for the Nazis; in 1941, six death camps were built in Poland These camps had gas chambers that could kill 12,000 people a day Prisoners were separated upon arrival at death camps by SS doctors








23 Continued Those who were too old or weak to work were led to the gas chambers and killed At first, bodies were buried or burned in huge pits; later, the Nazis built huge ovens called crematoriums that destroyed the bodies and all evidence of the mass murder that had taken place Other prisoners were shot or hanged or subjected to horrible medical experiments by camp doctors






29 Continued Six million Jews died in death camps and Nazi massacres Some Jews were saved; ordinary people sometimes risked their own lives to hide Jews or help them escape Some survived the camps; Elie Wiesel, author of Night and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986, is one of the notable survivors who worked to prevent such a genocide from occurring again

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