2 Why do teens try drugs? See parents / friends use Pressure Want to fit inSee drugs glamorizedBoredEscape from problems
3 Drugs Terms & Info Overdose: The consequence of taking an excessive amount of a drug that leads to coma or death.
4 Drugs Terms & Info Continued… When injecting substances through a needle a person is at risk of contracting:Hepatitis BHIV
5 Drugs Terms & Info Continued… Physiological dependence:The body develops a chemical need for a drug.Psychological dependence:Person believes that the drug is needed to feel good or even function.Addiction:Both a physiological andpsychological dependence.
6 Stimulants Stimulants are drugs that speed up the Central Nervous System (CNS)Examples:MethamphetaminesNicotineCaffeineParanoia:An irrational fear or distrust ofothers – often drug induced
7 AmphetaminesAmphetamines are Stimulants that have an effect similar to the sympathetic nervous system.Amphetamines are prescription drugsthat are sometimes sold illegally as“speed” or “uppers”.Euphoria:A feeling of intense well-beingthat may be followed by a “crash” orletdown.In addition, because of the widespread use of amphetamines as a treatment for narcolepsy and ADD/ADHD, prescription amphetamines are subject to diversion and are one of the most frequently-abused drugs in high schools and colleges.
8 MethamphetamineA stimulant that is related to amphetamines, but is more powerful!Meth is a highly addictive drugThe drug is made from relatively inexpensive over-the-counter ingredients in illegal laboratories called “meth labs”.When used illegally the drug is called “Crystal Meth”, “Crank”, “Speed”, or “Ice”Crank can be snorted, sniffed, injected, or swallowed.One of the most unpredictable drugs!
9 Cocaine Cocaine is a white powder made from coca bush. Cocaine is a rapid, acting powerful stimulant.Users usually develop a tolerance very quickly, causing abusers to need larger & larger doses.Cocaine can be sniffed into the nose, smoked, or injected directly into the bloodstream.“Crack” is a form of cocaine that can be smoked.A process called “free-basing” changes cocaine into a concentrated smokable / “crack” form.
10 Cocaine Cont.Interferes with the way your brain processes chemicals that create feelings of pleasure, so you need more and more of the drug to feel normal
12 CocaineSnorting cocaine can cause scabs to form on mucous membranes, damage your nasal septum and eventually make your nose collapse.Can permanently damage their nasal tissue
13 Depressants Depressants or sedatives, are drugs that slow down the CNS Commonly abused Depressants are:AlcoholBarbituratesTranquilizersNarcotics (Opiates)
14 Depressants do what to the body? Relax musclesRelieve feelings of tension / worryBring on sleepSlow down heart and breathing ratesLower blood pressure
15 Depressants Cont… Barbiturates Tranquilizers (CNS Depressants) Belong to the “sedative-hypnotics” family of drugs.Small doses = Sedatives >> relaxes a personLarge doses = Hypnotics >> inducing sleepDoctors rarely prescribe barbiturates because they are dangerous and often abused.Tranquilizers (CNS Depressants)Are depressants that mayreduce muscle activity.
16 Depressants Cont…. Narcotics (Opiates) Pain relief, induce sleep Drugs derived from the opium plantthat have a sedative effect.They are now called “opiates”These drugs block the pain messages to the brain.The term opiate refers to the alkaloids found in opium, an extract from the seed pods of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.).
17 Narcotic Examples Codeine Morphine Is sometimes used in cough syrup, pain reliefMorphineUsed for pain reliefHeroin is made from morphineDoes Heroin have any medical use?NO
18 Heroin Heroin is classified as a Narcotic / Opiate. It is an illegal opiate made from morphine in a laboratory.Abusers of heroin appear dazed & disoriented.Highly addictiveWithdrawal can be very painful!Can be injected, smoked, or snortedHeroin depresses the CNS, slows breathing & pulse.Has NO medical uses. (a doctor will never prescribe heroin)Highly addictive, because it enters the brain so rapidly.
21 Heroin terms and infoMainlining: Injecting the drug directly into the veinSkin-popping: Injecting the drug right under the skinMethadone: Drug used to help with withdrawal symptoms. (also very addictive)
22 Heroin terms and info Track marks: Usually on/around vein of users Collapsed Veins: Can not get a needle into itfor drug or medical purposesSpeedball: Mix of heroin and cocaine
24 Hallucinogens Drugs that alter mood, thoughts, and sense perceptions Hallucinogens overload the brain with sensory information, causing a distorted sense of reality.ExamplesLSDPsilocybin (mushrooms)PCP (angel dust)Flashbacks: a similar recurrence of the effects of a hallucinogenic drugFlashbacks can happen at any time without warning – long after the drug use ends!
25 Hallucinogens Examples PCPPhencyclidine, is also called “angel dust”PCP is considered to be one of the most dangerous drugsVery unpredictableMany users brought to ER, because overdose or its disturbing psychological effects (delusions/paranoia)Only available illegallyBecause the drug eliminates the sensation ofpain, abusers may intentionally injure or evenkill themselves.
26 Hallucinogen Examples Continued Psilocybin (“Shrooms” or “Magic Mushrooms”)Psilocybin is a chemical found in a certain type of mushroomEaten raw or mixed with foodSimilar effects as LSD – but not as strongDANGER: There is a similar looking mushroomthat is deadly and often mistaken for Psilocybin.LSDLysergic Acid DiethylamideCommonly called “acid”Comes in tablets, capsules, and sometimes liquidCan cause frightening episodes called “Bad Trips”(bad flashbacks) sometimes years later.MescalineA psychoactive ingredient of peyote cactus
31 Marijuana FactsTHC - is the main psychoactive substance found in the cannabis plant.THC has analgesic effects even at low doses.Other effects include: relaxation; euphoria; altered space-time perception; alteration of visual, auditory, and olfactory senses; disorientation; fatigue; and appetite stimulation.The more THC – the more dangerous the marijuana.
32 Cannabis Facts and Info… Cannabis smoke contains more cancer causing chemicals than cigarettes smoke.Males who regularly use marijuana may experienceLower levels of testosteroneLower sperm productivityFemales who regularly usemarijuana may experienceStill birthsLow birth weightsSimilar condition to F.A.S.
33 Marijuana Did You Know?Smoking one marijuana cigarette deposits approximately four times the amount of tar into the lungs than a filtered tobacco cigarette.Marijuana is considered a "gateway" drug, because it often leads to the use of other illegal drugs such as cocaine and heroin.Being in a room with marijuanasmoke can cause a "contact high"from just breathing.
34 InhalantsSubstances that are breathable fumes; sniffed to get a hallucinogenic effect.“Huffing” “Sniffing” or “Chroming”Examples of Inhalants are:GlueAerosolsLighter fluid“Whippits”, laughing gas / nitrous
36 Common Inhalants Aerosol sprays Adhesives and cements (rubber cement, plastic cement, etc.)Air freshenerButaneCanned air (compressed hydrofluorocarbons)Cassette player head cleanerXylene markersDiethyl etherCorrection fluidGasolineInsecticideNail polish remover (acetone or similar chemicals)Paint or spray paintPaint thinner (turpentine similar chemicals)TolueneFreon
37 Prescription DrugsPrescription drug abuse means taking a prescription drug that is not prescribed for you, or taking it for reasons or in dosages other than as prescribed.Commonly abused:Opiates (for pain)VicodinOxyContinDepressants (for anxiety and sleep disorders)ValiumXanaxStimulants (for ADHD and narcolepsy)DexedrineRitalinAdderall
38 Club Drugs (Designer Drugs) Synthetic substances meant to imitate the effects of narcotics and hallucinogensUsually made strongerExamplesMDMA (X, XTC, love drug)Ketamine (K, Special K)GHB (Liquid G, Liquid X,)Rohypnol (Roofies)
41 Look Alike Drugs May resemble illegal drugs (club drugs). Many times the user has no idea what they are using – making them very dangerous!Studies have proven it produces long-last and permanent damage to the brain’s ability to think and store memories.
42 Ecstasy (MDMA)Danger: Because it is a designer club drug. You can never be sure of what you are getting!Physical Symptoms:Flooding of serotonin to brainHeart attackOverheatingOrgan failureBlurred vision
44 Ecstasy (MDMA) Magnifies senses – Touch, Smell, Sight Symptoms: Gives you the feeling of peacefulness and energyMagnifies senses – Touch, Smell, SightEases social defensesWhat to look for:Pacifiers, light sticks, vicks vapor rub,straws, suckers, water
46 Dangerous Club Drugs GHB Roofies Ketamine (Special K) WARNING All three are known to be used as Date-Rape DrugsKetamine (Special K)
47 Club DrugsRefers to a wide variety of drugs often used at all-night dance parties (raves), concerts, nightclubsOften produced in labs, it is impossible to know exactly what chemicals were used to produce them
48 Dangerous Club Drugs Rohypnol (Roofies) 10x more powerful than valium Dangers – headaches, muscle pain, anxiety,restlessness, confusion, memory lossBlackouts occur for 8-12 hours(even small doses)
49 Dangerous Club Drugs GHB (Liquid G, Georgia Home Boy) (Date rape) Colorless, odorless, thicker than karo syrup, tends to have a salty taste.Drowsiness, unconsciousness or breathing problemsLarger doses – coma, seizures, confusion, unconsciousness
50 Dangerous Club Drugs Ketamine – “Special K” First seen in It is used in veterinarian medicine.Gives a feeling of the mind being separated from the body, similar to LSD and PCP.Impaired motor function, memory loss, numbness, nausea.
51 Synthetic Drugs Labeled as “plant food” and “herbal incense” Labeled “not for human consumption” to disguise their intended purpose.Abused for hallucinogenic and mood-altering effects.Marketed “natural” and “safe” substancesHowever, thousands of users have experienced overdosing and visits to hospital emergency roomsIllegal to sell or posses K2 and bath saltsBoth potential for acute psychosis, violent behavior, seizures and cardiovascular emergencies
52 Bath Salts Exactly which chemicals are put into the drugs isn’t known. “Fake cocaine”Sniffing/snorting, orally, smoked, injectedUsers experience:Severe ParanoiaViolence and self mutilationHallucinationsChest painIncreased pulseIntense cravings for moreSuicidal/homicidal thinking/behavior (may last even after effects have worn off)
53 Synthetic MarijuanaNames for it:K2, Spice, Fake Weed, SkunkNot FDA approved for human consumptionUsers do not know exactly what chemicals they are putting into their bodyIts effects can be up to 10 times more intense than marijuanaWhat is it?A mix of dried herbs and spices that have been sprayed with a synthetic cannaboid, a chemical that is similar to THC (responsible for mind altering effects).Spice or K2 is second most commonly abused drugs amongst seniors
54 Legal or Illegal? If charged with possessing: A prison term 1-3 yearsFines up to $25,000Mandatory drug testingCounselingProbationThe DEA designated the five active chemicals in Spice as Schedule I controlled substances.Making it illegal to sell, buy, or possessIn 2011 Poison control center received over 12,000 calls related to exposure to bath salts and K2 use.
56 How does “Spice” Affect the Brain Experiences similar to those produced by marijuanaelevated mood, relaxation, and altered perception** in some cases the effects are even stronger than those of marijuanaOthers reported psychotic effects like extreme anxiety, paranoia, and hallucinationsAppearing dizzy and having trouble walking** Because the chemical composition of many products sold as Spice is unknown, it is likely that some varieties also contain substances that could cause dramatically different effects than the user might expect.A man reported as though their heart was pounding so intensely it would explodeOther report a sensation that can only be described as a temporary paralysis of motor movement. For example, that he was so high that he could not tell if he was breathing anymore, but was clearly conscious.
57 Other Health effectsSpice abusers who have been taken to Poison Control Centers report symptoms that include rapid heart rate, vomiting, agitation, confusion, and hallucinationsAlso:raise blood pressurereduced blood supply to the heartheart attacks
58 Calls Received by Poison Control Centers Relating to Synthetic Marijuana "Kids taking this drug are playing Russian Roulette with their brains and bodies."Lisa Madigan, Illinois Attorney General
59 Things to remember: THE END!! Never let anyone buy you a drink unless you get it with them!Never let anyone prepare a drink for you unless you are there to watch them!Never leave your drink unattended/Bring it with you! You never know who could be watching!THE END!!