8 Great Wall of China Made poor people work on huge defensive wall Extended and close gap in north almost entire length of border
9 Killed OpponentsKilled hundreds of Confucian scholars to prevent criticismBurned books
10 Han Dynasty (202 BCE – 220 CE) Golden age Model for many dynasties People of China still refer to themselves as Han
11 Silk Road Open for trade Ancient Trade route linking China and West China sent silk west
12 Advancements under the Han Paper in 105 CECivil service system for jobs put into place. Exams.
13 Sui Dynasty 581-618 CE Completion of Grand Canal Millions worked for years on this 1000 mile waterway, which used existing waterways and built new ones to successfully link North and South China for the first time in historyOthers continued with Great WallNumerous workers died
15 Tang Dynasty 618-906 CE Great poetry Only Female Emperor: Empress Wu Zhao (woo jow). Lived CEHelped to expand over KoreaContinued exam system for governing class
16 Song Dynasty 960-1279 CE Foreign trade flourished Great advances under Tang and Song in movable type and gunpowderImproved acupunctureIntroduction of Islam to China along Silk RoadHangzhou: major city of Song Dynasty. Like a massive park today. Marco Polo visited it and declared it the most beautiful city on earth (about 1 million at the time)
17 Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)(YOO AHN) First Mongol Dynasty.But followed established Chinese traditions and methods of governingExtended Grand Canal
18 Genghis Khan Created largest empire world had known Began conquest of China. Completed by his grandson, Kublai Khan.Plundered cities. Killed citizens or took them as slaves.
19 Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 CE) Forbidden City: 9,999 rooms Very large and surrounded by moatRestored Great Wall
20 Qing Dynasty (1644-1912) Last dynasty in China Manchu Dynasty This dynasty lost to Western powers in, for example, the Opium Wars
21 Works CitedBeck, Roger B. World History: Patterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, Print. Kublin, Michael, Hyman Kublin, and Hyman Kublin. China. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, Print.
22 Exit SlipWhich three dynasties seem to you to have had the most influence on China? Why?