2 Reasons for the Two-Party System HistoryAlexander Hamilton (Federalists) vs. Thomas Jefferson (Anti-Federalists)TraditionThere has always been oneThe electoral systemA wasted voteAmerican ideological consensusA general agreement on ideas
3 Multiparty Systems Does it make sense? Giving voters a real alternativeMore representative of the peopleProblems with multiparty systems:Instability of government (no majority control)Frequent party control and shiftsItaly: One government every nine months since World War IIArgentina: 696 political parties!
4 Multiparty Systems (Cont’d) AdvantagesProvides broader representation of the people.More responsive to the will of the people.Give voters more choices at the polls.DisadvantagesCause parties to form coalitions, which can dissolve easily.Frequent party control and shifts.Failure of coalitions can cause instability in government.
5 One-Party Systems A “No-Party” System The popular choice of dictators and communist regimes
6 One-Party Systems (Cont’d) Types of One-Party SystemsOne Party Systems where only one party is allowed.Unofficial One-Party Systems where one party regularly wins most electionsExample: Dictatorships such as Stalinist Russia & North KoreaExample: Republican North (New England) and Democratic South (Deep South) until the 1950s.6
7 Party Membership Patterns Factors that can influence party membership:Family (2 out of 3)OccupationEducationAgeEconomic StatusRace / EthnicityReligionGeography7
8 Assessment (http://m.socrative.com) 1. Which is NOT a reason for the two party system?(a) History(b) Tradition(c) Constitutional Requirement(d) The Electoral System2. Which is NOT a factor that can influence party membership?(a) Peer Group(b) Age(c) Religion(d) Geography8