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Microbe Unit Review
What do we call the spread of a disease in a small region? epidemic
Which antibiotic would be best to use to treat Influenza? None, flu is caused by a virus
What is the best way to minimize the impact of an epidemic? immunization
How might a fungal disease, such as Athlete’s Foot, be spread? By direct contact with fungus
What aspect or our current society could most likely help an epidemic become a pandemic? We are very mobile, we move from one place to the other freely
Genetically altering a plant so that it has greater resistance to disease and insect problems would be an example of what? biotechnology
What kind of impact can biotechnology have on the amount of food that can be produced per acre in the world? It would increase
If a doctor prescribes an antibiotic to treat an illness, what kind of pathogen is likely the cause the illness? bacteria
Name two areas where biotechnology is having the most impact right now? Medicine and agriculture
What animal is the vector for Malaria? Anopheles Mosquitoes
Strep Throat is caused by what kind of pathogen? bacteria
What is the primary difference between and epidemic and a pandemic? Pandemics occur across much larger areas
Diseases that can be spread from one organism to another are called what? infectious
What would be the main problem associated with being the carrier of a disease? Not knowing you were contagious
Would the HIV AIDS outbreak which has lasted over 30 years, across every continent be considered an epidemic or pandemic? pandemic
The amount of crops grown in a given field is referred to as what? Yield
Why is it so critical to continually be working on new antibiotics? Pathogens are becoming resistant to antibiotics over time
Hand sanitizers help prevent the spread of disease by which method? Direct contact
Name an ethical consideration associated with the use of GMO’s (Genetically Modified Organism)? Long term environmental and human health effects
What will likely happen to the incidence of infection disease in a community as the sanitation level of that community increases? decrease
Are viruses living or nonliving? Non-living
What kind of pathogen causes the disease cholera? bacteria
Why can’t HIV AIDS be successfully treated with antibiotics? It is caused by a virus
Why are mosquitoes considered vectors for Malaria? They cannot get the disease and are necessary for its transmission
What antibiotic was developed from a fungus and has been used to cure many illnesses that could have led to epidemics? penicillin
What must a virus do to reproduce? Be absorbed by a cell
How do bacteria reproduce? Binary Fission
Downs Syndrome is caused by what? genetics
What is the normal course of action when treating bacterial diseases? antibiotics
Risk/Benefit analysis, which considers a balance between benefit and risk is an important consideration in what new area of scientific investigation ? biotechnology
In a parasitic relationship, the parasite benefits by the association. How is the host affected in a parasitic relationship? Host is negatively affected
Introducing foreign DNA into an organism in order to modify the organism’s DNA is an example of what? Genetic engineering
What kind of organism is the pathogen that causes the disease Tetanus? bacteria
What kind of pathogen spreads cancer? Cancer is non- infectious
Rabies and Lyme disease are both spread by contact with animals. What are the animals that are necessary to spread a disease called? vectors
What is the best way to prevent microbial infection? Washing hands
All organisms which are microscopic in size can be classified as what? microbes
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