Presentation on theme: "Monday October 20 th,2014 Today’s Agenda: Types of Sentence Structure mini- lesson w/guided notes Homework: Simple and Compound Sentence Worksheet = Due."— Presentation transcript:
Monday October 20 th,2014 Today’s Agenda: Types of Sentence Structure mini- lesson w/guided notes Homework: Simple and Compound Sentence Worksheet = Due Tue.
Sentence Structure Warm-Up Create a definition for “Sentence Structure” In other words…What is it? Can you list the Types of Sentence Structures? If so, what are they?
Sentences Structures Sentences can be structured by the following: Simple Independent Clause Dependent Clause Compound Complex Compound-Complex
What is Sentence Structure? Sentence structure is determined by the number and the types of clauses. There are two types of clauses that determine sentence structure: Independent clauses have a subject and a predicate and can stand alone as a complete thought. An independent clause is a complete sentence by itself. Dependent clauses have a subject and a predicate but do not have a complete thought.
Simple Sentences/Independent Clause A simple sentence has only ONE independent clause. Independent clauses can “stand alone.” Example: Betty lives down the street from me. (Betty is the subject, lives is the predicate) Remember – A clause is a group of words that must have a subject and a verb.
Examples Kaylee is having a party this weekend. My dog needs to go outside. Richard is her new boyfriend.
Dependent Clauses Dependent clauses cannot stand alone. These are dependent on other words to make sense. Dependent clauses are also called subordinate clauses. They need to be attached to an independent clause in order to be a complete sentence.
Examples When I go to the party. Because his mom said so. Why he said no. Dependent clauses that are not attached to an independent clause become sentence fragments. They are not complete sentences.
Compound Sentences Compound sentences take two independent clauses and put them together using a comma and a subordinating conjunction. IC +, Conj.+ IC = Compound Sentence Subordinating Conjunctions…FANBOYS For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So
Examples Kara came to my sleepover, but Natalie did not come to my sleepover. My dog went outside, and I was pulled on her leash. My brother is a good reader, but I am not.
Complex Sentences Complex sentences are made up of one independent clause and one dependent clause. IC + DC = Complex Sentence
Examples I am wearing a pink tunic when we go to the party. Because he stayed out past curfew, he is grounded. Even though she is lazy, her mother still expects her to do chores.
Compound-Complex Sentences These are the granddaddies of all sentences. A compound-complex sentence is made up of one dependent clause and TWO independent clauses. These are a combination of compound and complex sentences. DC + IC, + Conj.+ IC = Compound-Complex
Examples Whenever I am tardy to class, I must sign in on a tardy sheet, and I must explain my reasons to Miss Smith. Because it rained on Saturday, I was not able to go to the Aquatic Center, nor was I allowed to walk to Jamie’s house.
Why Do I Need To Know This? To improve your writing by varying your sentences. (Reader’s won’t get bored.) To avoid fragments when you need complete sentences! To make your teacher(s) happy.
Check Yourself! Decide what sentence structure is used in the following sentences: 1. Ivy’s cat had four kittens last night in the barn. 2. Barry and Jack played outside in the rain. 3. Diane read the book and watched the movie. 4. My sister walked to the store when school was over. 5. After the dance, we all went out for ice cream. 6. Juan lost his homework, so he had to do it over. 7. Lisa loves pizza, so her dad took her to the best Italian restaurant in town. 8. Before he goes to school, John eats a good breakfast, so he can have energy to focus on his work.
Check Yourself! Decide what sentence structure is used in the following sentences: 1. Ivy’s cat had four kittens last night in the barn. Simple 2. Barry and Jack played outside in the rain. Simple 3. Diane read the book and watched the movie. Compound 4. My sister walked to the store when school was over. Complex 5. After the dance, we all went out for ice cream. Complex 6. Juan lost his homework, so he had to do it over. Compound 7. Lisa loves pizza, so her dad took her to the best Italian restaurant in town. Compound 8. Before he goes to school, John eats a good breakfast, so he can have energy to focus on his work. Compound-complex