2 12.1: Students will describe patterns in the distribution of Canada's population. Pages
3 12.1.1 Define the term population distribution The pattern of population in an area
4 12.1.2 Distinguish between the terms dispersed and concentrated. Population is ina large regionConcentratedPopulation is in a small region
5 12.1.3 Define the term population density. Refers to the number of people divided by the land area in which they livePopulation Density = Total populationLand area (km)
6 12.1.3 continued… Densely Populated Moderately Populated Large number of people per land mass (>100)Moderately PopulatedMedium number of people per land mass (10-100)Sparsely PopulatedSmall number of people per land mass (<10)
7 12.1.4 Given a population dot map for each of two areas, determine Which area represented has the more evenly distributed populationWhich area has the more dispersed population distributionWhich area has the higher population density
8 12.1.5 Given a table showing the population and area for each province and territory Calculate the population density for each province;Rank the provinces by population density (highestto lowest).Worksheets 1:Population PatternsWorksheet 2: World Population Distribution
9 Given a population distribution map of Canada, state your agreement or disagreement with the following statement. Explain.Canadians live in "islands" of population strung along the southern border.Worksheet 3: Canadian Population Distribution
10 12.2 Students will examine factors which influence the distribution of Canada's population. Pages
11 12. 2. 1 Examine a landforms map of Canada. Select an area (e. g Examine a landforms map of Canada. Select an area (e.g., Rocky Mountain region) and describe how landforms contribute to an uneven distribution of population.
12 Ctd.Ctd.Pacific Coast: Large populations centers (Vancouver)Rocky Mountains: Scattered populations living among the mountains.The Great Plains: Moderately populated, with some dense clustersCanadian Shield: Low population density, mostly emptyGreat Lakes: High population densityAtlantic Provinces: Population scattered along the coast with some inland centers
13 12. 2. 2 Select a densely populated area (e. g Select a densely populated area (e.g., Niagara Peninsula) and a sparsely populated area (e.g., North West Territories). Examine a climate map and explain how climate affects the distribution of population.
14 12. 2. 2 Select a densely populated area (e. g Select a densely populated area (e.g., Niagara Peninsula) and a sparsely populated area (e.g., North West Territories). Examine a climate map and explain how climate affects the distribution of population.Generally as you go north the climate gets colderBecause of the cold climate less people live thereWhy?Less foodFewer treesNeed more energy…
15 12.2.3 Describe an example to support each of the following statements: Coastal water forms influence the distribution of population.Inland water forms helpdetermine whereCanadians live.
16 CTDNova Scotia:You can see that the majority of towns in Nova Scotia are located along the coastAlong the Great Lakes- St. Lawrence region the population is dense along the shore
17 12.2.4 Describe the impact of resource centers on the distribution of population in Canada. Calgary developed first as post for RCMP but grew because of the railway. Became center for cattle industry and since developed because of oilMontreal developed because of location during the fur tradeVancouver rapidly developed with railway. Initial British but quickly populated by Chinese and other Asian groupsToronto started as a trading post and developed because of location
18 Examine a table showing the provincial share of population employed in manufacturing and table showing the population by provinceDescribe the relationship between manufacturing andpopulation size. (Example: Ontario)
20 12.3: Students will describe patterns in the growth of Canada's population.
21 Given a population line graph (10-year intervals), describe the change in Canada's population.
22 CTD.Canada’s Growth:Over the past 100 years Canada has experienced a steady growth.Canada’s Growth Rate:Over the past 100 years Canada’s growth rate has been fluctuating. There have been periods of rapid growth mixed with slow growth.
23 12.3.2 Examine a multiple line graph showing the population growth rate for each province. Identify the province which has experienced the highest growth rate.Describe the social and economic conditions which help explain this trend.
24 12.3.3 Define the terms birth rate, death rate and growth rate The number of births per 1000 populationDeath RateThe number of deaths per 1000 populationGrowth RateThe change in population over a period of time
25 12.3.4 Define the term natural increase. Difference between the birth rate and death rateC…Calculate
26 Examine a table showing the birth rate and death rate (5-year intervals) for the past 75 years.Calculate the rate of natural increase for each 5-year interval and present in table form.Describe what is happening to Canada's rate of natural increase over the 75-year period.Briefly describe some of the social conditions help explain the pattern in the rate of natural increase.
27 continued…Worksheet 4: Natural Change in Population
28 Given a table showing the number of families and average number of children per family (for the period 1941 to present)Describe what is happening to family size; andCompare this trend with population growth
29 12.3.7 List reasons which help explain why Canada's rate of natural increase is shrinking Birth Rate (decreased)Birth ControlChildren survival ratesWork is top priorityWorking parents…high levels of stressDeclining religious beliefs and practicesDeath Rate (decreased)Improvements in medical careImprovements in nutritionImprovements in education and physical activityLess work related stressEarlier retirements
30 12.4: Students will examine the composition of Canada's population.
31 12.4.1 Define the term population pyramid. A graph that shows population by age group
33 12.4.2 Given a population pyramid for Canada Worksheet 5: Population Pyramid of Canada
34 continued…Compare percentage of females to that of males
35 continued…Compare the total percentage of females over age 65 to that of males over age 65More females over the age of 65 than males
36 continued…Explain why the base of the population pyramid is relatively narrow.Possible reasons:Health careBirth controlEconomic developmentSocial conditionsCultural traditions
37 12.4.3 Define the term dependency load (ratio). The portion of the people under sixteen and over the age of sixty-five years
38 12.4.4 From the table calculate the dependency load. (2001) Worksheet #6Dependency Ratio
39 12.4.5 Describe the potential impact of a high dependency load on such conditions as HousingTax levels for the working populationJob opportunities.
40 Given a pie chart showing the composition of Canada's population by major ethnic group, describe the pattern shown.See page 257 table and question 19
41 Examine a population pyramid for native people in Canada and the population pyramid for CanadaHow does the percentage of First Nations people compare to Canadian Population?First NationsMore children under age of 15 yearsLess seniors over age of 65 yearsExpanding population
42 12.4.8. Determine whether the following statements are valid and explain why. Native people in Canada have a higher birth rate than the general population.Compared to the general population, a higher percentage of the native population lives to reach age 70 and older.
43 12.5: Students will evaluate the effects of migration on the distribution and size of Canada's population.
44 12.5.1 Define the term migration. Movement of people from one place to anotherLeave one place and settle in another
45 12.5.2 Distinguish between the terms immigration and emigration Movement of a person into a foreign country as a permanent residentEmigrationWhen person leaves a country to live elsewhere
46 12.5.3 Define the term actual change. Net change in population due to:1. Births and immigration on the one hand2. Deaths and emigration on the other handFormulaActual = (Births + Immigration) – (Deaths + Emigration)ChangeAC = (B + I) – (D + E)
47 12.5.4 Given a table showing Canada's migration totals (1985 to the present) Calculate the net migration figure for each year; andCalculate the total number of immigrants and emigrants within this period.Worksheet 7: Components of Population Growth
48 Given the number of deaths, births, emigrants, and immigrants for a given year, calculate the actual change in population.Worksheet 7 Components of Population Growth
49 See figure 12.21 and question 24 Given a bar graph showing trends in immigration to Canada from 1867 to the present and a socio-economic descriptor for given periods (e.g., the Depression), explain how the number of immigrants is affected by social and economic conditions in Canada.See figure and question 24
50 12.5.7 Examine a table showing net inter-provincial migration in Canada. Identify the provinces with a net outflow of people.Identify the provinces with a net inflow of people.List factors which account for the migration of people from one province to another.BC; Ont; SK; NL, MbAlberta
51 Assume the role of the premier of a province which is the destination for large numbers of migrants from other provinces.Adopt a position which either supports or does not support this trend.Develop strategies which would help promote this position.
52 12.5.9 Assume that you are to move to another province. Determine which province you would choose.Explain why.List possible obstacles to this move.