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Unit Six: The New Economy Chapter 18: Working Canada.

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1 Unit Six: The New Economy Chapter 18: Working Canada

2 There are four basic types of industry. 1.Primary industry: Providing raw materials for use by other industries. e.g. farming, fishing, forestry, mining.

3 2. Secondary industries These industries involve manufacturing. There are two types Primary manufacturing: produces usable products from raw materials Secondary manufacturing: Uses the products of primary manufacturing to produce something else. Paper is turned into newspapers

4 3. Tertiary Industries Tertiary Industries provide services, they do not produce goods. Some services may include transportation services, or retail services.

5 Quaternary industries provide information services Research and development, and computer technology

6 Write down in your notes if each of the following pictures is primary, secondary, tertiary, or quaternary. The person with the most correct gets a prize!!!

7 CategoryNLPENSNBQUEONMBSKABBCCan Total Primary1402318100151427916169657 Secondary1905747681115780441952942574 Tertiary & Quaternary 148532582282221361937031694712559440 Prov. Total18153363293300249274924391303168112671 1.Use the table above to calculate the percentage of employment per sector for each province. 2.Use a table of the same format to record the percentages. 3. Rank the provinces from highest to lowest percent for each sector 4.Construct a bar graph to show the trend in employment. 5.Which province is closest to the Canadian total percentages? Percentage per sector= employment in sector /provincial total.


9 Value Added: Improving a product so that it is worth more than before processing. This occurs in secondary industries. Raw materials or unfinished materials are processed into a finished product that is more valuable Trees -> Paper -> Newspaper. Cotton -> Fabric -> Shirt.

10 Economy: the system of producing, distributing and consuming wealth Capitalism: An economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated competitively Canadian Economy: We live in a basically capitalist economy, with some government regulation to protect citizens against extreme poverty: Medicare, Canada pension, employment insurance.

11 Site: a reference to the physical attributes of a location. Power, raw materials, access to markets, land cost are all related to physical attributes. (absolute location) Situation: A reference to the relational attributes of a location.(relative location) Availability of skilled labor, quality of life, competitors, incentives, tradition, and capital are situational.

12 Decide if the following factors are Site or Situation: 1.Churchill Falls hydro electric generator needed a large amount of energy provided by moving water. 2.Car manufacturing plants need to be near markets in Canada and the United States so they are placed in places like Brampton, Oshawa, and Alliston in Ontario. 3.Fish plants are located along the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador 4.Oil producing facilities located in Fort McMurray, Alberta.

13 Site factors that make an area suitable for the location of industry are: Access to water Access to power Access to workforce Access to raw materials Access to suitable land; well drained, or bedrock.

14 Situational factors that make an area suitable for the location of industry are: Access to transportation Government Incentives Land costs Quality of life Tradition Availability of capital to invest Location of competitors Location of other industry (agglomerating principle)

15 Case Study: The new Stelco plant Site factors considered: 1.Access to an extensive and inexpensive water transportation route – this was in the industrial heartland of central Canada 2.Ready access to large markets – again this was in the heartland of central Canada and the northeastern United States 3.One of the most import\ant factors was space – there had to be sufficient land to build the foundry and land prices had to be reasonable 4.The shore for the plant had to be hard bedrock and a protected shoreline to support heavy vibrating material 5.Close proximity to the Hamilton plant 6.A supply of energy 7.A supply of limestone

16 Mass Production: Producing large quantities of the same product using assembly line techniques. Invented by Henry Ford to build his cars and trucks. Just In Time Delivery and Assembly system: To avoid having to keep large amounts of supplies on site manufacturers often choose to order supplies from local companies as they are needed Point of use delivery: parts are unloaded at docks near where they will be installed

17 Research and Development: People look for ways to improve current industries, or create new ones. Growth is due to improvements in global communication ability Sunrise Industries: New industries that are increasing in number Sunset Industries: Declining industries.


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