Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Ch. 15: The Spirit of Reform

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Ch. 15: The Spirit of Reform"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch. 15: The Spirit of Reform

2 Lesson 1: Social Reform P. 410

3 Religion & Reform Second Great Awakening: late 1700s thru mid-1800s
Renewed religious interest, marked by revivals Brings changes to American religion, education, literature People try to form utopias

4 The Impact of Religion Lyman Beecher: CT minister who led temperance movement ME & some other states outlaw manufacture & sale of alcohol

5 Changing Education Horace Mann: MA lawyer & leader of education reform
1839: MA founds the nation’s 1st state- supported normal school New colleges & universities open Ex: Oberlin College of Ohio (1833) Admitted both women & African Americans

6 Helping People with Disabilities
Thomas Gallaudet: developed a method to teach those w/ hearing impairments Opened Hartford School for the Deaf in CT (1817) Samuel Gridley Howe: helped ppl w/ vision impairments Printed books using Braille Headed the Perkins Institute (school for visually impaired in Boston)

7 Helping People with Disabilities (cont.)
Dorothea Dix: schoolteacher who began visiting prisons in 1841 Educated public about the poor conditions for prisoners & the mentally ill

8 Culture Changes Transcendentalism: Stressed the relationship b/t humans & nature & the importance of the individual conscience Margaret Fuller: Women’s rights Ralph Waldo Emerson: Overcome prejudice Henry David Thoreau: Civil disobedience

9 Culture Changes (cont.)
Other writers: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson Art: Hudson River School Print-making (Nathaniel Currier, James Merritt Ives)

10 Lesson 2: The Abolitionists

11 The Colonization Plan 1816: American Colonization Society formed
Raised $ to send free African Americans out of the country Acquired land in west Africa for a colony 1822: 1st settlers arrive in Liberia 1847: Liberia becomes independent country

12 Making the Case Against Slavery
William Lloyd Garrison: MA abolitionist 1831: started The Liberator newspaper Called for an immediate end to slavery 1832: started the New England Anti- Slavery Society 1833: started the American Anti-Slavery Society

13 Making the Case Against Slavery (cont.)
Sarah & Angelina Grimke: supported abolition & women’s rights 1839: write American Slavery As It Is (firsthand stories of life under slavery) Harriet Beecher Stowe 1852: publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin

14 African American Abolitionists
Helped organize & lead the American Anti- Slavery Society, subscribed to The Liberator 1827: Freedom’s Journal begun David Walker: publishes antislavery pamphlet 1830: African Americans lead convention in Philly Start African American college? Encourage free African Americans to move to Canada?

15 The Role of Frederick Douglass
Ex-slave (escaped in 1838, bought his freedom in 1847) Joined Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society Gave antislavery speeches in U.S. & abroad Edited the antislavery newspapers North Star

16 Sojourner Truth Born a slave as Isabella Baumfree in NY
Escaped in 1826; NY bans slavery in 1827 Changes name in 1843 Works w/ William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, etc.

17 The Underground Railroad
Network of escape routes Most famous “conductor”: Harriet Tubman As many as 100,000 slaves escape

18 Quiz Topics Second Great Awakening Temperance movement
Thomas Gallaudet Transcendentalism Dorothea Dix Civil disobedience American Colonization Society Frederick Douglass Underground Railroad

Download ppt "Ch. 15: The Spirit of Reform"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google