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Presentation on theme: "LOCKOUT/TAGOUT."— Presentation transcript:


2 Subpart J General Environmental Controls
The control of hazardous energy Lockout/Tagout

3 Outline Scope, Application, Purpose Definitions Energy Control Program
Energy Control Procedure Material and Hardware Periodic Inspection Training and Communication

4 Could Cause Injury To Employees
Scope Scope Servicing and maintenance of machines and equipment where . . . Unexpected energization or Start up or Release of stored energy Could Cause Injury To Employees

5 Scope Exceptions: Construction, agriculture, maritime
Electric utilities Electric utilization installations (Subpart S) Oil & gas well drilling & servicing

6 Must Provide Alternative Protection
Application Control of Energy Normal production operations not covered unless . . . Remove or bypass a guard or safety device Part of body is in point of operation Must Provide Alternative Protection

7 Application Exceptions: Cord & plug connected electric equipment
Only energy source Person performing work – exclusive control Hot tap operations – transmission & distribution systems for: Gas, steam , water or petroleum Pressurized pipelines where continuity of service is essential Alternative protection is still essential

8 Purpose Requires Employers To: Establish a program Utilize procedures

9 Definitions Employees Affected Other Authorized
Person who uses lockout/tagout Affected Person who operates or uses machine where lockout/tagout is being performed or Works in area Other All “other” employees

10 Definitions Energized Energy Source Connected to energy source
Contains residual or stored energy Energy Source Electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal, or other energy

11 Energy Control Program
Energy Control Procedures Periodic Inspections Employee Training

12 Lockout or Tagout? If energy isolating device cannot be locked out:
If energy isolating device can be locked out: Lockout or Attach at same location as lockout Provide equivalent level of safety as lockout

13 Energy Isolating devices shall be designed to accept a lockout device!
After January 2, Whenever a replacement or major repair, renovation or modification or new machines or equipment are installed: Energy Isolating devices shall be designed to accept a lockout device!

14 Energy Control Procedure
Develop, document and utilize Exceptions to documentation (all must exist): No potential for stored or residual energy after shut down Single energy source – readily identified & isolated Locking out will completely deenergize equipment Equipment isolated from energy source during work Single lockout device is needed Lockout device under exclusive control of worker Work does not create hazard for other employees Employer – no accidents utilizing this exception

15 Energy Control Procedures
Purpose of procedure Procedural steps for shutting down, isolating, blocking an securing Procedural steps for placement, removal and transfer of lockout/tagout devices Who’s responsible? Requirements for verification

16 Materials and Hardware
Provided by Employer Locks, tags, chains, wedges, key blocks, adapter pins, self-locking fasteners etc. Not used for any other purpose Durable Standardized Color shape or size Substantial Identifiable Employee Tagout – warning such as Do Not Start

17 Periodic Inspection At least annually
Ensures procedure and requirements of standard are being met Conducted by authorized employee Not the one utilizing energy control procedures Correct deviations or inadequacies Include interview with authorized and affected

18 Periodic Inspection Certification
Identify machine or equipment utilizing lockout/tagout Date of inspection Employees included in inspection Person performing inspection

19 Training Must ensure purpose and function of program are understood by employee Must ensure the knowledge and skills required for safe application, usage, and removal of energy controls are acquired by employee

20 Training Authorized Recognition of hazardous energy sources
Type and magnitude of energy available Methods and means for energy isolation & control Limitations of tags Affected Purpose & use of energy control procedure Limitations of tags Other Knowledge of procedure Prohibited to restart or reenergize

21 Retrain Employee Retraining Change in job assignment
Change in machines, equipment Change in processes present a new hazard Change in energy control procedures Whenever periodic inspection shows deviations or inadequacies Must reestablish employee proficiency Certify Retrain

22 Application of Energy Control
Preparation for shutdown Machine or equipment shutdown Machine or equipment isolation Apply lockout/tagout devices Stored energy Verification

23 Release from Lockout/Tagout
Check machine Notify employees (check area for employees) Removed by person who applied device Removal by person other than one who applied device

24 Outside Contractors Inform each other of respective lockout/tagout procedures On-site employer ensure employees understand and comply with restrictions and prohibitions of outside employer’s energy control program

25 Group Lockout/Tagout Every authorized employee working on equipment
One person – one lock Each person remove only his/her lock when done working Responsibility given to one authorized employee to coordinate

26 Shift Changes Specific procedures must be utilized
Ensure continuity of lockout/tagout Provisions for orderly transfer of lockout/tagout devices

27 Enforcement of Procedures






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