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The Respiratory SystemChapter 7
Overview of Structures, Combining Forms, and Functions of the Respiratory Systems
Structures of the Respiratory System© Cengage Learning
Structures of the Upper Respiratory Tract© Cengage Learning
Nose Primary Function Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)Exchanges air during inhaling and exhaling Warms, moisturizes, and filters inhaled air Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) nas/o rhino/o
Sinuses Primary Function Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)Provide mucus Make bones of the skull lighter Aid in sound production Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) sinus/o
Pharynx Primary Function Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)Transports air to and from the nose to the trachea Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) pharyng/o
Larynx Primary Function Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)Makes speech possible Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) laryng/o (continues)
Larynx © Cengage Learning
Epiglottis Primary Function Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)Closes off the trachea during swallowing Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) epiglott/o
Trachea Primary Function Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)Transports air to and from the pharynx to the bronchi Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) trache/o
Bronchi Primary Function Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)Transports air from the trachea into the lungs Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) bronch/o, bronchi/o
Alveoli Primary Function Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)Air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary capillary blood Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) alveol/o (continues)
Alveoli © Cengage Learning
Lungs Primary Function Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)Bring oxygen into the body Remove carbon dioxide and some water waste from the body Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) pneum/o, pneumon/o, pulmon/o (continues)
Lungs © Cengage Learning
Respiration Inhalation: the act of taking in air as the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward Exhalation: the act of breathing out (continues)
Respiration © Cengage Learning
Key Word Parts and Definitionsbronch/o, bronchi/o bronchial tube, bronchus laryng/o larynx, throat nas/o nose ox/i, ox/o, ox/y oxygen (continues)
Key Word Parts and Definitionspharyng/o throat, pharynx phon/o sound, voice pleur/o pleura, side of the body -pnea breathing (continues)
Key Word Parts and Definitionspneum/o, pneumon/o, pneu- lung, air pulm/o, pulmon/o lung sinus/o sinus somn/o sleep (continues)
Key Word Parts and Definitionsspir/o to breathe thorac/o, -thorax chest, pleural cavity trache/o, trachea windpipe
Question The surface area of a human lung is equal to: a tennis courta football field a Ping-Pong table
Answer a. a tennis court
Question A cough releases an explosive charge of air that moves at speeds up to 60 mph. A sneeze can exceed the speed of 100 mph. True or False?
Question How many times a day does the average human adult take a breath? a. 10,000–17,500 b. 25,000–35,000 c. 17,500–25,000
Answer c. 17,500–25,000
Question The right lung is smaller than the left lung. True or False?
Answer False: The left lung is smaller than the right lung to make room for the heart.
Answers to Learning Exercises
Chapter 7 Answers Matching Word Parts 1 7.1. nas/o 7.2. somn/o7.3. spir/o 7.4. pharyng/o 7.5. laryng/o Matching Word Parts 2 7.6. pneum/o 7.7. ox/o 7.8. pleur/o 7.9. bronch/o 7.10. phon/o
Chapter 7 Answers Matching Word Parts 3 7.11. trache/o 7.12. sinus/o7.13. pulmon/o thorax pnea Definitions 7.16. mediastinum 7.17. epiglottis 7.18. visceral pleura 7.19. frontal 7.20. bronchioles 7.21. alveoli 7.22. hemoptysis 7.23. anthracosis 7.24. tachypnea 7.25. dysphonia
Chapter 7 Answers Matching Structures 7.26. nasopharynx7.27. oropharynx 7.28. laryngopharynx 7.29. larynx 7.30. trachea Which Word? 7.31. internal respiration 7.32. asbestosis 7.33. bacterial pneumonia 7.34. dyspnea 7.35. tracheotomy
Chapter 7 Answers Spelling Counts 7.36. phlegm 7.37. empyema7.38. pertussis 7.39. phrenic 7.40. antitussive Abbreviation Identification 7.41. acute respiratory distress syndrome 7.42. cystic fibrosis 7.43. functional endoscopic sinus surgery 7.44. sudden infant death syndrome 7.45. upper respiratory infection
Chapter 7 Answers Term Selection 7.46. aspiration7.47. hyperventilation 7.48. tracheostomy 7.49. exhalation 7.50. asthma Sentence Completion 7.51. apnea 7.52. laryngospasm 7.53. pneumorrhagia 7.54. pleurodynia 7.55. bronchospasm
Chapter 7 Answers Word Surgery 7.56. bronch/o, -rrhea7.57. or/o, -pharynx 7.58. poly-, somn/o, -graphy 7.59. pneum/o, -rrhagia 7.60. rhin/o, -rrhea True/False 7.61. False 7.62. True 7.63. False 7.64. True 7.65. True
Chapter 7 Answers Clinical Conditions 7.66. cystic fibrosis7.67. pneumonectomy 7.68. laryngectomy 7.69. bronchodilator 7.70. influenza 7.71. epistaxis 7.72. hemothorax 7.73. septoplasty 7.74. bronchitis 7.75. tracheostomy Which Is the Correct Medical Term? 7.76. pleurisy 7.77. sputum 7.78. cyanosis 7.79. laryngospasm 7.80. Cheyne-Stokes respiration
Chapter 7 Answers Challenge Word Building 7.81. pharyngorrhea7.82. pneumonitis 7.83. laryngologist 7.84. laryngorrhagia 7.85. pharyngolaryngitis 7.86. tracheostenosis 7.87. bronchoplasty 7.88. epiglottitis 7.89. tracheobronchoscopy 7.90. bronchoplegia Labeling Exercises 7.91. nasopharynx 7.92. oropharynx 7.93. laryngopharynx 7.94. larynx 7.95. bronchus 7.96. nasal 7.97. epiglottis 7.98. trachea 7.99. left alveolar
RESPIRATION Exchange of gases (O2 and CO2)
The Respiratory system. Functions Works closely with circulatory system, exchanging gases between air and blood: Works closely with circulatory system,
The Respiratory System
Respiratory System Chapter 16.
Health Science 1101 Medical Terminology
1. Tumor of black pigment 2. A red cell 3. Xerosis 4. Dermatotome 5. subcutaneous.
Copyright © 2006 Thomson Delmar Learning The Respiratory System A breath of fresh air.
. Copyright © 2005 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
The Respiratory System Lecture 3 Done by: Alaa Al-Hasani.
Respiratory System. Air sac air-filled spaces in the body alveoli very small air sacs; where air breathed in goes.
The Human Body: Respiratory System
Respiratory System The respiratory system is the body system that provides body cells with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide that cells produce as waste.
Functions & Structures. Term review -rrhea Abnormal discharge -rrhagia bleeding -ectomy Surgical removal -otomy surgical incision -ostomy Surgical creation.
Functions: --taking in oxygen --removing carbon dioxide.
Respiratory System Function Brings oxygen from the air into the body and expels carbon dioxide from the body ▫Accomplished by circulatory system.
Principles of Health Science Dr. Halbert
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