2 The goal was to let these countries be governed by After World War II, The Allies set up temporary governments in several countries.The goal was to let these countries be governed byAllied military forces.
3 2. The U.S.S.R./ stalin did not give up control of the countries in eastern Europe, as promised.
4 3.The countries that did not gain their independence, but were controlled by the U.S.S.R. were Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Poland, and Yugoslavia.
5 4. In 1946, Winston Churchill gave a speech that is often used to mark the beginning of the Cold War, in which he said “an iron curtain has descended across the continent.”
6 5. By Iron Curtain, he meant Europe’s division between democratic Western Europe and Communist Eastern Europe.
7 6. The countries controlled by the U. S 6. The countries controlled by the U.S., Great Britain, and France had governments that were capitalist7. The countries occupied by the USSR had governments that were communist
8 8. Europe became divided into two military alliances: Nato & the Warsaw pact
9 9. The goal of NATO was to defend any member of the alliance who was attacked.
10 Tensions were increased by the fact that the U. S. S. R. and the U. S Tensions were increased by the fact that the U.S.S.R. and the U.S. both had nuclear weapons
11 11. Soviet troops blockaded Berlin in 1948 to keep Germany weak and divided.
12 12. The U.S. responded to the Berlin Blockade by flying food and supplies into West Berlin.
13 13. The threat of nuclear war came close to U. S 13. The threat of nuclear war came close to U.S. shores in 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
14 14. The Berlin Wall was built in 1961 and came down in 1989.