2 What is Stress?Many people think that stress is something that happens to us. Stress is however, an interaction between the demands of the environment and the coping skills/abilities of the individual. It doesn’t just happen to us and we can have influence over how we react to our environment.
3 Five components of stress Stressors – demand that we are underPhysical StressCognitive StressEmotional StressBehaviour Stress
4 What does Physical Stress Cause? chronic painincrease or decrease in eating difficultieslack of energySexual dysfunctionTrouble sleepingBody kick into high gear to deal with the threatHeartbeat, breathing rate and blood pressure all go up
5 What Does Cognitive Stress Cause? feeling distractedIncreasing lack of concentrationIndecisive
6 What Does Emotional Stress Cause? Emotionally numbFeeling a loss of controlFeeling of fearIrritability and resentmentIsolates oneself from regular relationships and routinesAngerAnxietyCompulsive and or obsessive behavioursDepression, despair and a feeling of hopelessness
7 What does Behaviour Stress Cause? Changes in eatingChanges in sleeping /sleeping too much or not enoughTemper tantrums/tendency to overreactNeglecting family or work responsibilitiesIntentionally isolating oneself from othersAbuse of alcohol, cigarettes or drugsDevelopment of ticks or twitches or other nervous habits such as nail biting, etc.
8 Feelings that often come from stress tired a lot of the time moods change for no reason can't concentrate cry over stupid things can't sleep headaches
9 More feelings that often come from stress fearful, but don't know what's frightening you have nightmares a lot palms get sweaty accident prone hungry all the time, no matter how much you eat no motivation to do anything loss of enthusiasm
10 How to manage Stress? Know your priorities Choose your Attitude Make time to relaxBreatheGet HealthyPlan breaksFind an interestConnect with friendsKnow your boundariesLaugh!
11 How to relax when Stressed? Talk to some of your friends about your problemFind different activities to doShare feelings with otherParentsTeachersFriendsGet involved with other people or other activitiesGoing to moviesWatching TVreadingWrite letter to any friends that live in the countryPhysical activitiesRunningSwimmingWalkingCryCall a friendListen to musicHave a hot bath
12 What are the most common external causes of stress Major life changesWorkRelationship difficultiesFinancial problemsBeing too busyChildren and family
13 What are the most common internal causes of stress Inability to accept uncertaintyPessimismNegative self-talkUnrealistic expectationsPerfectionismLack of assertiveness
14 What can Kids do when they feel stressed? Think about what it is that’s making you feel badTalk over your problem with a friend or a trusted adultGet help to deal with the problem if you need itPlan your work if you are getting behindSet yourself some goals to work your way through the problemMake sure that you are getting enough exerciseOrganise your time so that you can fit everything inDon’t take on too much. You can always do that sport or activity next term or next year. You don’t have to do everything at onceDon’t say “yes” when you’d rather say ‘no’, and then you won’t be worryingLearn to relax