# Scientific Process By: Mallory McGilvray What is the scientific process? A series of steps to investigate a scientific problem. Figure out the problem.

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Scientific Process By: Mallory McGilvray

What is the scientific process? A series of steps to investigate a scientific problem. Figure out the problem Observe and research Hypothesis Experiment Collect data and results Conclusion

Figure out the Problem  Figure out a problem that you can:  Measure through numbers  Through experimentation  Ask questions about what you observe:  How  What  When  Who  Which  Why  Where

Observe and Research  Make observations  Research desired topic by:  Library books  Internet  Interpret your observations and research

Develop your Hypothesis  Predict a possible answer to your problem or question.  State in easy way to measure  State in If- then statements:  Example: “If ___ (I do this)____, then ___(this)___ will happen.”  Can be either supported or disapproved

Conduct your Experiment 1. Develop your experiment and procedure 2. Follow your procedure 1. Include materials list 2. Variable: factors that change 1. Only change 1 factor at a time keeping all conditions the same 3. Repeat experiment several times

Control Group  Must be a control group  Standard of comparison  Experimental group  No treatment group  Exposed to same conditions as the other group but the variable being tested

Constants  All factors that stay the same in the experiment  At least one factor must stay the same throughout the experiment

Controlled Experiment  In the experiment, all of the variables expect for one stay the same.  Your experiment must be controlled!  Measure using the International System of Units (SI)

Collect Data  Confirm your data by doing more than one test  Data should be:  Graphs  Charts  Photographs  Written notes

Interpret Data  Organize and Interpret all of your data sources  Figure out the results  See if your hypothesis is right or wrong  Make a new hypothesis to retest if it is wrong

Conclusion  Statement that includes:  If hypothesis is right or wrong  Recommendations for studying experimental topic  Improvements for your next experiment  Be ready to communicate results with others  Expect people to ask questions

References  http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science- fair- projects/project_scientific_method.shtml http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science- fair- projects/project_scientific_method.shtml  http://www.sciencemadesimple.com/sci entific_method.html http://www.sciencemadesimple.com/sci entific_method.html

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