World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water Addressing climate variability, extremes and natural disasters for LDC.
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Presentation on theme: "World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water Addressing climate variability, extremes and natural disasters for LDC."— Presentation transcript:
World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water Addressing climate variability, extremes and natural disasters for LDC development Kaliba Konaré Director Office for LDC Programme and Regional Coordination Pre-conf LDC IV Feb 2011 Kisumo, Kenya www.wmo.int WMO
1 A complementing approach Climate Change: key challenge Way it impacts LDC development through weather and climate extreme events (related hazards) climate variability Damages to Society Action/ Informed decision making Seamless climate information services for CC Adaptation and reducing vulnerability CONCLUSION
Current Climate Variability Within a year Runoff
IPCC 4th Assessment: Socio-economic Impacts of Climate-Related Extremes on the Rise ! Intensity Frequency Heatwaves Heavy rainfall / Flood Strong Wind Water Resource Management People Agriculture Energy Urban areas Need for Multi-sectoral risk management Drought Transportation Hazard intensity and frequency increasing linked to climate variability and change! Vulnerability and exposure on the rise !
Increase of reported natural disasters is weather related
While economic losses are on the way up! Source: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database Loss of life from hydro- meteorological disasters are decreasing!
Marine Health (etc.)… Geological COMMUNITIES AT RISK hazard warning National Government (emergency systems) Hydrological Meteorological National Technical Services disaster response Many LDCs are still in post-disaster response hazard warning Local government Disaster response hazard warning
Early Warning Systems Require Coordination Across Many Levels and Agencies National to local disaster risk reduction plans, legislation and coordination mechanisms 1 2 34
National Government DRR coordination mechanisms Meteorological Hydrological Geological Marine Health, Agricuture (etc.) Capacity Development and Coordinated National Technical Agencies feedback Community Prepared warnings feedback 2 4 3 5 5 4 4 5 There is need for investments in all Components of Early Warning Systems ! Local Government responsible for emergency preparedness and response Aligned policies, plans, resources, coordination 1 warnings
Need to provide relevant weather, water and climate information and services to Disaster Risk Management programmes. Science-techno progress: new era for LDCs: - weather forecasts - seasonal to annual climate outlook - Climate change scenarios
Climate information for Disaster Risk Reduction Operation Clim Info ProviderDisaster Managers LocationVulnerability MagnitudeExpected Loss Lead TimeRange of plausible actions ProbabilitySubjective decision to act or not act
14 Meeting the challenges – New PoA for LDCs As –Assist LDCs to strengthen their National Meteorological and Hydrological Institutions and raise their profile within the government national development framework, including productive capacity in key sectors climate change adaptation and productive capacit –Integrate investment and resources as a complementing, not substituting, support system to climate change adaptation, including NAPA, UNCCD, and to productive capacity in key socio- economic sectors –Develop cooperation between the governments, WMO and other UN agencies, development banks and donors