2 What is a research problem? A problem is a set of conditions needing discussion, a solution, and information.implies the possibility of empirical investigation, that is, of data collection and analysisThe problem statement is more specific than a topic and it limits the scope of the research problem.
3 A Problem Statement:1. Introduces the reader to the importance of the problem. The reader is oriented to the significance of the study and the research questions or hypotheses to follow.2. Places the problem in a context3. Provides the framework for reporting the results. Indicate what is probably necessary to conduct the study and explain how the findings will present this information.You could relate the findings to prior research,or it could be presented as a comparison,or you could draw implications from the findings to generalize to other related conditions.
4 Statements of Research Purpose The purpose of this study is to (it should imply the question, define the variables for the purpose of the study, and define the population of the study)To clarify the focus and logic of the problem decide on:major constructvariablespopulation& then the logic to use for the problem
5 ExampleThe purpose of this study is to find out if there are any purchasing power differences between different regions or cities of Turkey. I will basically look to see if the differences in wages around the cities are offset by the differences in prices. For this purpose I will choose one city from each region of Turkey and check the average price of a week's groceries in each city with the average income. Then I will check if they are proportional or not.
6 Developing an effective research question Three questions must be answeredWhat is the research topicGeneral area (unemployment, pollution, poverty)What is the research questionOne-sentence questionWhat is the research hypothesisProposed answer to your question
7 What is the research topic What is the research question Unemployment and growth relationshipWhat is the research questionIs there a negative relationship between growth and unemployment?What is the research hypothesisThere is not a negative relationship between growth and unemployment
8 Research TopicAdvertising and Share PricesResearch QuestionHow does the running of a TV advertising campaign designed to boost the image of a company affect its share price?
9 Research TopicJob recruitment with internetResearch QuestionHow effective is recruiting for new staff with the internet in comparison with traditional methods?
10 Developing an effective research question – How to begin Choose a general topicJournal of Economic Literature ClassificationStart reading the literatureWhat has been doneWhat questions remainAre there contradictions in the literatureSelect a research question from the gaps in the literature
11 Developing an effective research question - How to find the gaps in the literature Introduction to articlesEvery article will identify the research question and how it differs from other research in the introductionConclusion of articlesEvery article should list its weaknesses and areas for further study in the conclusion
12 Organization of your final paper IntroductionDefine general topicWhat research has been done on this alreadyWhat are gaps in literatureDefine your specific research questionHow will you answer your question (method)Order of remaining paper
13 Organization of your final paper Literature review and hypothesisWhat does previous research say about topicEach paragraph represents one studyEach paragraph represents one themeSummarize gaps in literatureWhat is your own hypothesis
14 Organization of your final paper Empirical AnalysisDescriptive statisticsRegression analysisBefore and afterCase studiesForecasting
15 Organization of your final paper ConclusionsRestate the hypothesis or research questionSummarize your resultsDid you confirm your hypothesisWeaknesses of your studyAreas for further studyNo new citations, tables, or footnotes
16 Types of research in economics Propose a new theoryEvaluate an existing theory with dataEvaluate existing literatureEvaluate current or future policiesUsing theory to explain historical situationEvaluate historical policies and their consequences in the pastPredict a future situation based on historical trends