What do international assessments measure: PISA Raymond J. Adams Washington DC, May 30 2008 This paper is intended to promote the exchange of ideas among.
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Presentation on theme: "What do international assessments measure: PISA Raymond J. Adams Washington DC, May 30 2008 This paper is intended to promote the exchange of ideas among."— Presentation transcript:
What do international assessments measure: PISA Raymond J. Adams Washington DC, May 30 2008 This paper is intended to promote the exchange of ideas among researchers and policy makers. The views expressed in it are part of ongoing research and analysis and do not necessarily reflect the position of the National Center for Education Statistics, the Institute of Education Sciences, or the U.S. Department of Education.
2 What is PISA? Programme for International Student Assessment Funded by the Organisation for Cooperation and Development (OECD) International data collection has been managed and led by ACER since its inception
3 Developing PISA 1995: OECD countries sought comparative assessment of yield of education systems a basis for defining educational standards cross-nationally 1997: OECD countries adopted strategy and financial framework to... monitor a broad range of curricular and cross-curricular outcomes... …within a comparative framework established collaboratively by countries 1998: Contract let
4 Participation 2000 OECD 28, non-OECD 4 PISA+, 11 non-OECD 170,000 students 2003 OECD 30, non-OECD 12 250,000 students 2006 OECD 30, non-OECD 27 14365 schools 398,750 students (representing a cohort of over 22 million) 2009 OECD 30, non-OECD 35 ( plus Scotland )
11 Separating policy and science Two consortia commissioned to run PISA 2009 Core A Australian Council for Educational Research Unit for the Analysis of Educational Systems and Practices. University of Liege, Belgium Westat, USA National Institute for Educational Research, Japan The German Institute for International Educational Research cApStAn Linguistic Quality Control
12 Separating policy and science Core B Netherlands National Institute for Educational Measurement ( CITO) University of Jyvaskyla University of Twente French Ministry of Education
Sets policy objectives and priorities Sets budget Monitors adherence to policy objectives Guides analysis and reporting of results Establishes quality standards Adjudicates on breaches of quality standards
15 Innovations in PISA International, intergovernmental ownership primary focus on public policy issues sustained commitment collaborative development Age not grade-based target population Substance not common denominator of national curricula not whether students have learned whether they can use what they have learned criterion-based reporting
16 PISA’s Literacy Orientation Projective (rather than reflective) approach to instrument development Not specifically related to curriculum It is about authentic application of what is learned In contrast to assessments that are like instructional exercises A broadening, not narrowing notion
17 Literacy Orientation Domain definitions include two components: each domain defined, in terms of knowledge and skills needed in adult life, not merely in terms of mastery of the school curriculum. emphasis is placed on the mastery of processes, the understanding of concepts and the ability to function in various situations related to real life.
18 Basic Methodology Target population: 15-year-olds in school Students are spread over classes and grades Target sample sizes of 5250 150 schools of 35 students 50 schools required for national sub-entities Rotated two-hour written tests 13 booklets 3 domains (two minor and one major) About 200 items in total About 11 responses per item in each school Students respond to an average of 13 minor domain items and 30 major domain items Some students are not assessed in minor domains
19 Basic Methodology Student questionnaires School questionnaires Parent questionnaires No teacher questionnaires Students from multiple classrooms Focus is not limited to taught subjects
20 Focus of the Results Yield for well-defined populations and domains Reading, Mathematics, and Science every three years Sub-domains every nine years National sub-group performance Profiles encompassing broad domain definitions Literacy orientation, habits, behaviours, attitudes Trends Focus on comparisons of equity Eg Gender, minority status, socio-economic status Relations between national structures outcomes Eg Tracking, Assessment, funding and Decision making policies
21 Shall I slice the pizza into four or eight pieces? Make it four ! I could never eat eight !