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E-commerce Business ModelsBusiness models—a method of doing business by which a company can generate revenue to sustain itself Examples: Name your price Find the best price Dynamic brokering Affiliate marketing © Prentice Hall 2004
E-commerce Business Plans and CasesBusiness plan: a written document that identifies the business goals and outlines the plan of how to achieve them Business case: a written document that is used by managers to garner funding for specific applications or projects; its major emphasis is the justification for a specific investment © Prentice Hall 2004
Structure of Business ModelsBusiness model: A method of doing business by which a company can generate revenue to sustain itself © Prentice Hall 2004
Structure of Business Models (cont.)Revenue model: description of how the company or an EC project will earn revenue Sales Transaction fees Subscription fees Advertising Affiliate fees Other revenue sources © Prentice Hall 2004
Structure of Business Models (cont.)Value proposition: The benefits a company can derive from using EC search and transaction cost efficiency complementarities lock-in novelty aggregation and interfirm collaboration © Prentice Hall 2004
Exhibit 1.4: Common Revenue Models© Prentice Hall 2004
Typical Business Models in ECOnline direct marketing Electronic tendering systems tendering (reverse auction): model in which a buyer requests would-be sellers to submit bids, and the lowest bidder wins Name your own price: a model in which a buyer sets the price he or she is willing to pay and invites sellers to supply the good or service at that price © Prentice Hall 2004
Typical Business Models in EC (cont.)Affiliate marketing: an arrangement whereby a marketing partner (a business, an organization, or even an individual) refers consumers to the selling company’s Web site Viral marketing: word-of-mouth marketing in which customers promote a product or service to friends or other people © Prentice Hall 2004
Typical Business Models in EC (cont.)Group purchasing: quantity purchasing that enables groups of purchasers to obtain a discount price on the products purchased SMEs: small to medium enterprises Online auctions © Prentice Hall 2004
Typical Business Models in EC (cont.)Product and service customization customization: creation of a product or service according to the buyer’s specifications Electronic marketplaces and exchanges Value-chain integrators Value-chain service providers © Prentice Hall 2004
Typical Business Models in EC (cont.)Information brokers Bartering Deep discounting Membership Supply chain improvers Business models can be independent or they can be combined amongst themselves or with traditional business models © Prentice Hall 2004
Example of Supply Chain ImproverOrbis Group changes a linear physical supply chain to an electronic hub Traditional process in the B2B advertising field © Prentice Hall 2004
Example of Supply Chain Improver (cont.)ProductBank simplifies this lengthy process changing the linear flow of products and information to a digitized hub © Prentice Hall 2004
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
Overview of Electronic Commerce
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EC Business Models. EC 2006Prentice Hall 2 EC Business Models business model A method of doing business by which a company can generate revenue to sustain.
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