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Language, Culture and Communication: Introduction

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Presentation on theme: "Language, Culture and Communication: Introduction"— Presentation transcript:

1 Language, Culture and Communication: Introduction

2 Communicative Interactions

3 Meanings transmitted through language
Situational , Social and Cultural

4 Situational Meanings:
Conveyed through the form of language depending on context Example: formal and informal encounters

5 Social Meanings: Transmitted by members of different social sectors through a particular use of language Example: gender differentiation, occupation, social class position, etc

6 Cultural Meanings: When words carry specific symbolic meaning or cultural specific meanings. Transmitted by a particular use of language Example: language expressions

7 The act of speaking is action

8 The importance of the links between language and culture
To understand the importance of human communication To understand social and cultural behaviors Cultural contexts in which language is used

9 Cultural Model A cultural model is a construction of reality that is created, shared, and transmitted by members of a group (similar to an ideology)

10 Speech Community A group of people who speak the same language, share norms about appropriate uses of language, and share social attitudes toward language ant its use.

11 Characteristics of Human Communication
Productivity: the ability to communicate many messages efficiently Displacement: the ability to think in the past, the future and the present

12 The Properties of Languages
Sounds --Phoneme: a minimal unit of sound that functions to differentiate the meaning of words Vocabulary Grammar: rules for combining sounds into sequences that carry meaning

13 The Origins of Languages
50,000 Started as paralanguage: non-verbal communication (body posture, voice tone, touch, smell and facial movements) All languages equally efficient (semantically and grammatically) Semantics: the study of meaning in language, including the analysis of meaning of words and sentences


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