2 Let’s review The passé composé is a way to make your sentence past. With -er verbs, you put in the form of avoirJ’ai (or whatever it is)and you add in the past participle (chop off the -er and add an é)J’ai regardéTu as nagéIl a volé
3 We’ve got that down, so let’s move on. First things first, let’s talk about how the passé composé works grammatically.Let’s use the example of “ Il a étudié.”The part in bold, “Il,” is the subject.The underlined part is the form of “avoir,” which is also known as an auxilary (l’auxiliaire).The last part (in italics) is known as the past participle (le participle passé).
4 Tell me what each word in the following sentences is: J’ai mangé.Tu as regardé.Il a sauté (to jump).
5 Keep that in the back of your mind, next time we’ll come back to it. for right now, let’s pay attention to what happens with -ir verbs
6 Ir verbs The only change that happens is with the past participle. For -er verbs, we chopped off the -er and made it an é.Well, for -ir verbs, we are going to chop off the -ir and add an i.So réussir becomes réussiRemplir becomes rempliFinir becomes fini
7 So, this is really not all that difficult. Je finis becomes J’ai finiTu mincis becomes Tu as minciIl rougit becomes Il a rougiNous gémissons becomes Nous avons gémiVous finissez becomes Vous avez finiIls réussissent becomes ils ont réussi
8 Put the following in the past (some are er, some are ir) Je regardesTu bleuisIl aimeNous verdissonsVous aimezIls choisissent
9 Now, because that was so easy, lets add on one more. -re verbsAs you have probably guessed, -re verbs are pretty rare. But when you want to make them past:Take off the -re. (répondre - répond)replace it with a u. That’s all there is to it.(répondre - répondu).
10 Just like the other verbs, avoir is used here. J’ai réponduTu as morduIl a tordu
11 Let’s get the marker boards out again. Write out the forms of avoir and the subjects (Je, tu, etc.)