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Problem Definition and the Research Proposal Dr. Zafer Erdogan

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1 Problem Definition and the Research Proposal Dr. Zafer Erdogan
Marketing Research Problem Definition and the Research Proposal Dr. Zafer Erdogan

2 Uncertainty Influences the Type of Research

3 Problem Discovery and Definition
The indication of a specific marketing decision area that will be clarified by answering some research questions. First step Problem, opportunity, or monitor operations Discovery before definition Problem means management problem

4 The Process of Problem Definition
Isolate/identify the problem, not the symptoms Ascertain the decision maker’s objectives Understand background of the problem Determine unit of analysis Determine relevant variables State research questions and objectives

5 Ascertain the Decision Maker’s Objectives
Managerial goals expressed in measurable terms.

6 The Iceberg Principle The principle indicating that the dangerous part of many marketing problems is neither visible to nor understood by marketing managers.

7 Understand the Background of the Problem
Exercising judgment Situation analysis - The informal gathering of background information to familiarize researchers or managers with the decision area.

8 Isolate and Identify the Problems, Not the Symptoms
Symptoms can be confusing

9 Symptoms Can Be Confusing
Twenty-year-old neighborhood swimming association: Membership has been declining for years. New water park -residents prefer the expensive water park? Demographic changes: Children have grown up

10 Problem Definition Organization Symptoms Based on Symptom True Problem Twenty-year-old neighborhood swimming association in a major city. Membership has been declining for years. New water park with wave pool and water slides moved into town a few years ago. Neighborhood residents prefer the expensive water park and have negative image of swimming pool. Demographic changes: Children in this 20-year-old neighborhood have grown up. Older residents no longer swim anywhere.

11 Determine the Unit of Analysis
Individuals, households, organizations, etc. In many studies, the family rather than the individual is the appropriate unit of analysis.

12 Determine the Relevant Variable
Anything that may assume different numerical values Types of variables Categorical Continuous Dependent Independent

13 State the research questions and research objectives
The researcher’s translation of the marketing problem into a specific need for inquiry. Hypothesis An unproven proposition A possible solution to a problem Guess

14 Broad research objectives Statement of marketing problem
Exploratory research (optional) Specific Objective 1 Specific Objective 2 Specific Objective 3 Research Design Results

15 Research Proposal A written statement of the research design that includes a statement explaining the purpose of the study Detailed outline of procedures associated with a particular methodology

16 Basic Questions - Problem Definition
What is the purpose of the study? How much is already known? Is additional background information necessary? What is to be measured? How? Can the data be made available? Should research be conducted? Can a hypothesis be formulated?

17 Basic Questions - Basic Research Design
What types of questions need to be answered? Are descriptive or causal findings required? What is the source of the data?

18 Basic Questions - Basic Research Design
Can objective answers be obtained by asking people? How quickly is the information needed? How should survey questions be worded? How should experimental manipulations be made?

19 Basic Questions - Selection of Sample
Who or what is the source of the data? Can the target population be identified? Is a sample necessary? How accurate must the sample be? Is a probability sample necessary? Is a national sample necessary? How large a sample is necessary? How will the sample be selected?

20 Basic Questions - Data Gathering
Who will gather the data? How long will data gathering take? How much supervision is needed? What operational procedures need to be followed?

21 Basic Questions - Data Analysis
Will standardized editing and coding procedures be used? How will the data be categorized? What statistical software will be used? What is the nature of the data? What questions need to be answered? How many variables are to be investigated simultaneously? Performance criteria for evaluation?

22 Basic Questions - Type of Report
Who will read the report? Are managerial recommendations requested? How many presentations are required? What will be the format of the written report?

23 Basic Questions - Overall Evaluation
How much will the study cost? Is the time frame acceptable? Is outside help needed? Will this research design attain the stated research objectives? When should the research be scheduled to begin?

24 Anticipating Outcomes
Dummy tables Representations of the actual tables that will be in the findings section of the final report; used to gain a better understanding of what the actual outcomes of the research will be.

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