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The Engineering Profession

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Presentation on theme: "The Engineering Profession"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Engineering Profession
Chapter 2 The Engineering Profession

2 Chapter Overview What is Engineering? The Engineering Process
Greatest Engineering Achievements of the 20th Century Rewards and Opportunities of an Engineering Career Engineering Disciplines Engineering Job Functions Employment Opportunities Important Fields for the Future Engineering as a Profession

3 What is Engineering? If someone (father, grandmother, aunt, friend, fellow student) asked you the question: “What is engineering?” How would you respond? “Engineering is the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences, gained by study, experience, and practice, is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of [hu]mankind.”

4 Learning More about Engineering
Study Chapter 2 of Studying Engineering Search the web Talk to engineering professionals Attend career days Other?

5 The Engineering Design Process
Customer need or opportunity Problem definition/Specifications Data and information collection Development of alternative solutions Evaluation of design/selection of optimal design Implementation of optimal design

6 Greatest Engineering Achievements of 20th Century
20. High performance materials 19. Nuclear technologies 18. Laser and fiber optics 17. Petroleum and gas technologies 16. Health technologies 15. Household appliances 14. Imaging technologies 13. Internet 12. Space exploration 11. Interstate highways

7 Greatest Engineering Achievements of the 20th Century (continued)
10. Air-conditioning and refrigeration 9. Telephone 8. Computers 7. Agricultural mechanization 6. Radio and television 5. Electronics 4. Safe and abundant water 3. Airplane 2. Automobile 1. Electrification

8 Rewards and Opportunities of an Engineering Career
Job satisfaction Varied opportunities Challenging work Intellectual development Social impact Financial security Prestige Professional environment Understanding how things work Creative thinking

9 2005/06 Starting Salaries Discipline Avg. Salary Engineering $51,465
Computer Science ,680 Engineering Technology ,514 Nursing ,347 Business ,900 Mathematics and Sciences 38,217 Agriculture & Natural Resources 33,716 Education ,438 Humanities & Social Sciences 31,290 Communications ,110

10 Engineering Disciplines
Mechanical Engineering Electrical Engineering Civil Engineering Computer Engineering Chemical Engineering Industrial Engineering Other (Aerospace, Biomedical, etc)

11 Engineering Job Functions
Analysis Design Test Development Sales Research Management Consulting Teaching

12 Industry Sectors (Non-manufacturing)
Professional, scientific, and technical services Information Construction Wholesale trade Administrative and support Management of companies and enterprises Utilities Mining

13 Industry Sectors (Manufacturing)
Computer and electronic product Transportation equipment Machinery Fabricated metal product Chemical Electronic equipment, appliance, and component

14 Major Changes Affecting the Future
The fall of the Berlin Wall Advances in computer technology Advances in communications The knowledge and information explosion Globalization (outsourcing, off-shoring) Increased focus on the environment Events of September 11, 2001 World population explosion

15 Important Fields for the Future
Manufacturing frontiers Information and communication systems Smart and engineered materials Bioengineering Critical infrastructure systems Homeland security Improved health care delivery Nanotechnology Advanced environmental technology Sensors and control systems

16 Engineering as a Profession
Professional registration Graduation from ABET-accredited engineering program Pass Fundamentals of Engineering Exam (FE) Complete four years of acceptable engineering practice Pass the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) Exam Professional societies

17 Group Discussion Exercise Motorized Beach Wheelchair
Working in your group, develop a list of specifications for a motorized wheel chair that could be used on a sandy beach. Appoint a leader to keep the discussion on topic and a recorder to record and report what you come up with

18 Alternative Group Discussion Learning More About Engineering
In your group, “brainstorm” a list of tangible things you can do to learn more about engineering. Be bold and creative! Appoint a leader to keep the discussion on topic and a recorder to record and report what you come up with

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