2 An Introduction to Art History: Artists, Artwork, and Art Movements Renaissance, Baroque, Impressionism, Pointillism, Cubism, Surrealism, Expressionism, Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art
3 Leonardo Da Vinci, Rembrandt, Vincent Van Gogh, Claude Monet, Salvador Dali, Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol, George Seurat, Pablo Picasso, Edvard MunchMichelangelo, Sandro Botticelli, Caravaggio, Georges Braque, Paul Cezanne,Janz Vermeer, Henri Mattise, Wassily Kandinsky, Georgio O’keefe, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas, Paul Klee, Raphael, Paul Gauguin, M.C. Escher, Max Ernst, Giorgio de Chirico, Roy Lichtenstein, Jasper Johns
4 The Renaissance Centered in Italy in the 15th - 16th century The Renaissance was a period of great creative and intellectual activity, during which artists broke away from the restrictions of the previous era.Throughout the 15th century, artists studied the natural world in order to perfect their understanding of such subjects as anatomy and perspective.The Renaissance can be described in two parts, the Early Renaissance and the High Renaissance.The High Renaissance was the culmination of the artistic developments of the Early Renaissance, and one of the great explosions of creative genius in history.It is notable for three of the greatest artists in history: Michelangelo Buonarroti, Raphael Sanzio and Leonardo da Vinci.Follow the links below to study the gallery of each period.Early RenaissanceHigh Renaissance
5 The Early Renaissance Browse through the The 15th Century (1400’s)Browse through theGallery of Early Renaissance art.Write down your answers to these questions. If you don’t know, make some guesses.What are some of the common themes or subjects of the artworks from this period?What part of society seems to heavily influence the artwork of this period?If you had to guess, who do you think was paying for (or commissioning) many of these artworks?Look closely at the subjects of the artworks. How realistic are they? (Let’s say on a scale of 1-10) Explain why you think so.
6 The Early Renaissance Characteristics of Early Renaissance Art: The 15th Century (1400’s)Characteristics of Early Renaissance Art:Student Notes:Famous Artists:Famous Artworks:
8 The High Renaissance Browse through the The 16th Century (1500’s)Browse through theGallery of High Renaissance art.Write down your answers to these questions. If you don’t know, make some guesses.There is a very common subject matter that appears in at least 10 works in this gallery. Can you find what it is?What does this tell us about the artwork of this period?Look closely at the subjects of the artworks. How realistic are they? (Let’s say on a scale of 1-10) Explain why you think so. Do you think they are more or less realistic than in the previous period?
9 The High Renaissance Characteristics of High Renaissance Art: The 16th Century (1500’s)Characteristics of High Renaissance Art:Notes:Famous Artists:Famous Artworks:
10 The Baroque PeriodThe 17th Century (1600’s)Baroque Art developed in Europe around 1600, as an reaction against the intricate and formulaic Mannerism that dominated the Late Renaissance. Baroque art is more realistic and more emotionally affecting than Late Renaissance art.One of the great periods of art history, Baroque Art was developed by Caravaggio,Gianlorenzo Bernini and Annibale Carracci, among others. This was also the age of Rubens, Rembrandt, Vermeer and Velázquez.Michelangelo Caravaggio, and Rembrandt Van Rijn are two of the most celebrated painters of all time. They made famous a style of chairoscuro in visual art that is still essential today. Chairoscuro is a term in art for a contrast between light and dark. Some of Rembrandt and Caravaggio’s work are among of the greatest examples of the style of chiaroscuro.In the 18th century, Baroque Art was replaced by the more elegant and elaborate Rococo art style.The Baroque Period
11 The Baroque Period Characteristics of Baroque Art: Famous Artists: What century?____________( )Characteristics of Baroque Art:Notes:What is the Italian word for an emphasis on the contrast between light and dark? How realistic are the paintings from this era?Famous Artists:Famous Artworks:
12 ImpressionismWhat century?____________( )Impressionism is a light, spontaneous manner of painting which began in France as a reaction against the restrictions and conventions of the dominant Academic art. The movement's name was derived from Monet's early work, Impression: Sunrise, which was singled out for criticism by Louis Leroy upon its exhibition. The hallmark of the style is the attempt to capture the subjective impression of light in a scene , most commonly landscapes. The core of the earliest Impressionist group was made up of Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Others associated with this period were Vincent Van Gogh, Camille Pissarro, Edgar Degas, Edouard Manet, and the American Mary Cassatt. The Impressionist style was probably the single most successful and identifiable "movement" ever, and is still widely practiced today. But as an intellectual school it faded towards the end of the 19th century, branching out into a variety of successive movements which are generally grouped under the term Post-Impressionism. Pointillism is the most popular Post-Impressionist movement.Impressionism
13 Impressionism Characteristics of Impressionist Art: Famous Artists: What century?____________( )Characteristics of Impressionist Art:Notes:Famous Artists:Famous Artworks:
14 PointillismWhat century?____________( )Pointillism is the most popular Post-Impressionist movement.Pointillism is a form of painting in which tiny dots of primary-colors are used to generate secondary colors. It is an offshoot of Impressionism, and is usually categorized as a form of Post-Impressionism. It is very similar to Divisionism, except that where Divisionism is concerned with color theory, Pointillism is more focused on the specific style of brushwork used to apply the paint. The term "Pointillism" was first used with respect to the work of Georges Seurat, and he is the artist most closely associated with the movement. The relatively few artists who worked in this style also included Paul Signac and Henri-Edmond Cross. Pointillism is considered to have been an influence on Fauvism.Pointillism
15 Pointillism Characteristics of Impressionist Art: Famous Artists: What century?____________( )Characteristics of Impressionist Art:Notes:Famous Artists:Famous Artworks: