What is Leadership? The influence of one group member over other group members to help achieve group or organizational goals Traits physical appearance.
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Presentation on theme: "What is Leadership? The influence of one group member over other group members to help achieve group or organizational goals Traits physical appearance."— Presentation transcript:
1 What is Leadership?The influence of one group member over other group members to help achieve group or organizational goalsTraitsphysical appearancecognitive abilities
2 Some More Leader Traits personalitydominancehigh energy levelself-confidencetrustworthinessmotivation to leadflexibility
3 Trait Approach to Leadership The approach: Leaders possess special traits that make then different from others; these traits account for leadership ability.The research: That leaders were no different from followers, until recently. Now, motivation, flexibility, and cognitive ability are identified.The limitations: Different situation may call for different types of leaders
4 Leader BehaviorsPeople orientation -- consideration, the leader is concerned about the well being of employees and being fair.Task orientation -- initiation of structure, the focus of this leader is on goal attainment.
5 Consequences of Leader Behavior Consequences of consideration: This style of works well when the task is intrinsically satisfying, or when the task is extremely structured and clearConsequences of initiation of structure: This style works best with situations where there is pressure due to deadlines, ambiguous tasks, or external threat.
6 The Contingency Approach The most effective leadership style depends or is contingent on the specific situation.Several approachesFiedler’s Contingency ModelHouse’s Path-Goal TheoryHersey & Blanchard’s Situational Leadership
7 Fiedler’s Contingency Theory LeaderStyleProductionPersonProdGroupRelationsGoodPoorTaskStructureStructUnstructStructUnstructPowerSWSWSWSW
9 Situational Leadership Theory HighTaskTellingSellingBehaviorDelegatingParticipatingLowHighRelationship Behavior
10 Backwards & ForwardsSumming up: Today we explored various concepts of leadership; trait approaches, behavioral approaches and contingency approachesLooking ahead: Does leadership matter, do women really have a different style of leading and how important is leadership to the organization.