THE DEMOGRAPHY OF FORCED DISPLACEMENT WITH A FOCUS ON MIGRATION MEASUREMENT ISSUES Khassoum DIALLO Snr Statistician UNHCR ESCWA/DESA Training workshop.
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Presentation on theme: "THE DEMOGRAPHY OF FORCED DISPLACEMENT WITH A FOCUS ON MIGRATION MEASUREMENT ISSUES Khassoum DIALLO Snr Statistician UNHCR ESCWA/DESA Training workshop."— Presentation transcript:
THE DEMOGRAPHY OF FORCED DISPLACEMENT WITH A FOCUS ON MIGRATION MEASUREMENT ISSUES Khassoum DIALLO Snr Statistician UNHCR ESCWA/DESA Training workshop on international migration statistics CAIRO, 30/06 – 03/07 2009
OUTLINE CONTEXT: MIGRATION ASYLUM NEXUS REFUGEES: A COMPONENT OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION UNHCR MANDATE ON REPORTING REFUGEES, ASYLUM- SEEKERS AND STATELESS PERSONS SCOPE OF FORCED DISPLACEMENT MEASURING FORCED DISPLACEMENT:DATA SOURCES, INDICATORS,PATTERNS AND KEY CHALLENGES GOOD PRACTICES UNHCR:A KEY PARTNER
ARE REFUGEES INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS? YES They crossed international border Citizen from another country / change of usual place of residence Duration of stay can be decades in protracted situations Population accounting perspective UN Recommendations What is specific to refugees vs other migrants Legal perspective (1951 convention, non-refoulement, rights of refugees) international human rights etc. Different treatment by asylum states Data protection and confidentiality
CONTEXT Migration-asylum nexus: UNHCR 10- point plan Cluster approach: Need for better data Results-Based Management Performance monitoring and accountability: UNHCR, Governments and Donors. Advocacy for evidence based decision making.
UNHCR protection mandate: Basis for statistical reporting Refugees 1950 Statute of the Office of the UNHCR 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees States parties shall provide UNHCR with statistical information on the number and conditions of refugees in their countries …. The UNHCR shall collect data on refugees and report. Stateless persons (refugees & non-refugees) 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless persons 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness ExCom conclusions Collection and reporting of information on Statelessness. Internally displaced (IDPs) Request from Security Council/Secretary-General UN reform on IDP issues: Interagency Cluster approach Primary responsibility of collecting information on IDPs lies with Cluster leads. UNHCR is cluster lead for Protection, Camp Coordination and Management and Emergency Shelter.
CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS MIGRATION REFUGEE AND ASYLUM SEEKERS INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS STATELESS PERSONS MIXED MIGRATION FLOWS
SCOPE OF FORCED DISPLACEMENT GENERAL MIGRATION ~ 200 million in 2008 REFUGEE AND ASYLUM SEEKERS ~ 16 million end-2008 (8%) IDPs (26 million)
Scope and Definitions Asylum migration nexus, national vs international Terminology: Who is a refugee, an IDP? Time, location, distance, causes Data sources and triangulation Coverage: Key information are missing Register updating Sources for triangulation Data collection methodologies and tools Data quality Timeliness in rapidly changing situations Comparability, scope Compliance with recommendations (UN, UNECE, UNHCR) Human resources Skills and training Uses of data for informed decision making Key challenges
Demographic patterns Increasing share of urban refugees Between 70-90% of refugees remain in their region of origin Age sex distribution
KEY INDICATORS: REFUGEE STATISTICS GENERAL POPULATION GROWTH EQUATION P(t+1) = P(t) + (B-D) + (I-E) In refugee context P(t+1) = P(t) + (B-D) + (I-E) + (LI-LD) With LI/LD = Legal increases/Decreases Other indicators: Stock (at a given point of time, e.g. end-year), Source: Census, registers, admin records Flows (dynamic during a period) Source: permits, other registers
Asylum statistics: Estimation of recognition rates Based on decisions RRR: Refugee recognition rate TRR Total recognition rate CR: Number of refugees recognized under the 1951 convention HR: Number of asylum seekers grated refugee status on temporary/humanitarian basis RJ Number of rejected cases during the year c: Countries of origin y: Year Other indicators/concepts: Pending cases Percentage of otherwise closed cases Cases/persons; Type; Level
Good Practice: Census questionnaire Zambia Purpose of immigration in 2000 population and housing census (UNHCR funded) If foreigner, why come to this country? Work Study Asylum Family reunification −Work −Study −Asylum
Good practice: Country and regional networks European / Asian programme on forced displacement and migration Country level network of data producers and users Regional network Data exchange platform (core indicators, website, focal point system etc.).
UNHCR AS A PARTNER COMPILATION/COLLECTION OF DATA ON PERSONS OF CONCERN (Over 130 countries) SUPPORT IN DATA COLLECTION REPORTING/DATA DISSEMINATION (Online database, Statistical Yearbook etc.)