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Where Australians Live…

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1 Where Australians Live…
Location, Climate, & Natural Resources in Australia

2 GPS: SS6G13 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, distribution of natural resources, and population distribution A. describe how Australia's location, climate, and natural resources have affected where people live B. describe how Australia’s location, climate, and natural resources impact trade EQ: How do Australia’s location, climate, and natural resources impact where people live and how they trade?


4 Location Of Australia Both a continent & a country
Lies about 2,000 miles southeast of Asia In the southern hemisphere Literally the “land down under”!


6 Task #1 Using the map on page A20 of your textbook, complete the first column in your Geography of Australia chart Relative Location (who remembers this?) Absolute Location (who remembers what that is?) One major city (HINT: Use this to approximate your absolute location)

7 Population Coastal areas are the most populated
Most people live along east coast Most populated city is Sydney, in New South Wales Another populated city: Brisbane, Queensland

8 Location Nearly 80% of Australians live in urban areas
Australia is one of the world’s most urbanized countries 70% of all Australians live in cities of more than 100,000 people Sydney has 3 and a 1/2 million people Melbourne has about 3 million people


10 Climate of Australia Varies across the continent
It’s south of the equator, so climate is opposite North America: Summer: December through March Winter: June through September


12 Task #2 Using the map on page 179 of the COACH book, complete column 2 – Climate types by describing the type of climate found in each of the regions.

13 Climate: North Australia
Northern part of Australia is closest to the equator Tropical climate and is warm-to-hot all year round Gets more rain than any other part of the country Winter: wet and cool Summer: hot and dry

14 Climate: Central Australia
Desert is the largest part of Australia Little rain falls here Most of this area gets less than 10 inches of rain per year!

15 Climate: Coasts Only the southeast and southwest corners have a temperate climate Summers aren’t too hot & winters aren’t too cold (similar to Georgia) Climate in these regions is the one that Australians prefer the most Most Australians live along southeastern coast

16 Natural Resources of Australia
Outback refers to the dry interior Mainly open countryside, including vast expanses of grazing land Few widely scattered settlements in the Outback Many of them grew up around mining operations…


18 Natural Resources: Mining
Australians mine for coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, zinc, oil, and natural gas Lead the world in the production of diamonds, lead, & bauxite (used to make aluminum)!

19 Natural Resources: Mining
Minerals are often found in areas that are difficult to reach Roads are expensive to build, but they are needed to get workers & equipment to remote locations Expensive equipment is needed to move minerals to populated cities to trade


21 Natural Resources: Arable Land
Land that is good for farming Enough areas with good land and rainfall to make farming an important business in Australia Farmers here produce more than Australians can consume, so the food is traded and sold around the world

22 Task #3 Using the map on page 182 of the COACH book, complete column 4 of your chart by listing the natural resources found in each region

23 Task #4 Using the CIA Fact book, complete column 3 by listing the manufactured goods available in Australia. Understand that these represent the whole country and not specific regions so turn your chart sideways to make your entries

24 Questions to Consider:
Where do most Australians live? What important business is done in the outback? Why do most Australians live in southeastern Australia? Most people live in cities mining Climate is not too hot or too cold

25 Postcard Directions: Front: Illustration of your favorite Australian destination (must be colorful!) Back: Write a greeting to one of your friends that describes Australia. Be sure to include: Location Climate Land Resources

26 “I think I’ll move to Australia.”
In the story, Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day by Judith Viorst, Alexander has a bad day and decides his life would be better if he moved to Australia. After listening to the story, write a persuasive letter to Alexander’s mother to indeed let him move to the “Land Down Under.” Include information from the “Where do Australians Live?” PowerPoint to help justify your point. You will need to include descriptions of Australia’s location, climate, land, and resources.

27 Credits Where Australian’s Live retrieved from
Alexander image retrieved from United Streaming video, A World of It’s Own

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