15 Warm Up Read through Document A: Woodrow Wilson’s Speech #1. Answer Question #1 on Guiding Questions.
16 Objectives Content: Create a WWI propaganda poster. Learning: Explain 4 reasons the United States entered WWI.
17 U.S. ExpansionismSpanish American War ended the U.S. policy of Isolationism (1898)Result of Spanish American War = the U.S. emerges as a world power
18 U.S. ExpansionismWWI ended the U.S. policy of avoiding European conflicts ( )WWI = the U.S. emerges as a global superpower
19 American Neutrality Is Over Up to 1917, the US opposed war. Woodrow Wilson was re-elected as President with the slogan:“He kept us out of war!”But that was all about to change!
20 Reasons for America’s Involvement in WWI US inability to remain neutralUnited States economic and political ties to Great Britain
21 Reasons for America’s Involvement in WWI 3. German submarine warfare: In 1915 they sank the Lusitania (1000 people died, 128 were Americans) 4. The Zimmerman Telegram
22 Zimmerman TelegramThe Zimmerman Telegram – was a secret message from Germany to Mexico that the British intercepted (January 1917).The message said that if Mexico helped Germany invade and defeat the US, than Germany would help them get back all the land they lost in the Mexican American War (1848)Americans were angry and wanted to go to war.
23 U.S. Entry into WWI Read Document B: Woodrow Wilson’s Speech #2. Answer remaining Guiding Questions.
24 America Enters the WarApril 6, President Wilson and Congress declare war!More than 2 millionAmericans entered themilitary to fight inWWI.
25 HomefrontCivilians at home made sacrifices to help with the war effortWar Gardens – personal fruit and vegetable gardens so that more food could be sent to the troops
26 Homefront Propaganda helped encourage support for war effort. Bonds – loaning the government money to help pay for the war.Rationing – using less of what you want so that more materials can be used for the war or sent to the troops.Propaganda helped encourage support for war effort.
28 Homefront continuedWomen work in jobs traditionally held by men – leads to changing a rolePushes women to get the right to voteMost countries grant right to vote before WWI is over.When does the U.S. grant the right to vote?
41 The Allies Were Struggling Russian troops were not able to get the supplies they needed.Many were trying to fight with NO bullets.In 1917, the Russian people overthrew their government with the Russian Revolution. It caused Russia to leave the war.Now all of Germany’s attention was on the Western Front.
42 The U.S. Enters the WarAllied forces desperately needed the help, they were drained and starving.The Allies with U.S. help didn’t just stop the German advance, but pushed them back to Germany.
43 The End of WWINovember 11, 1918, Germany’s government is overthrown and the new leaders quickly agree to an armistice (an agreement to end the fighting)
44 After the Armistice More than 9 Million soldiers lost their lives President Woodrow Wilson was seen as a hero to all of EuropeWilsons peace proposal was called “Fourteen Points”Outlined new boundaries and nations in EuropeCalled for free trade, freedom of the seas and an end to secret treaties
45 League of NationsWilson’s final and biggest point was to create the League of Nations, a peacekeeping organization.Wilson’s peace terms were seen as to lenient on the losing nations.
46 Treaty of VersaillesThe Treaty of Versailles brought an end to the war between Germany and the Allied Powers. The other countries in the Central Powers were dealt with in separate treaties.The Treaty was signed in June 1919.
47 What did it mean for Germany? The Treaty of Versailles:Forced Germany to accept full blame for the warTook away Germany’s colonies and armed forcesForced Germany to pay $33 billion in war reparations
48 What did it mean for the world? The Treaty of Versailles:Also divided up the empires of Austria-Hungary, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire.Established the League of Nations
49 But not so fast….The United States never ratified (approved) the treaty or joined the League of Nations.Many members of Congress did not want the US to join the League of Nations because they did not want more foreign commitments.
50 Did the Treaty of Versailles Work? The Treaty failed to make Europe “safe for democracy”Germany resented the treatyIt helped plant the seeds for WWII