Presentation on theme: "Causes of WW I. European Powers Murder at Sarajevo Sunday morning, June 28 th, 1914. Sarajevo is a little town in Austria- Hungary Archduke Franz Ferdinand."— Presentation transcript:
Murder at Sarajevo Sunday morning, June 28 th, 1914. Sarajevo is a little town in Austria- Hungary Archduke Franz Ferdinand is future emperor of all Austria- Hungary. http://www.youtube. com/watch?v=hE85 52joxfE
Murder at Sarajevo: Predicting 1. How do you think Austria-Hungary will react to the murder of the archduke who was to become their emperor? 2. What action do you think Austria- Hungary will take against Serbia and the Black hand? 3. How might these actions affect the countries around Austria-Hungary and Serbia? 4. How might people in Canada react?
Rivals for Colonies Imperialism = The desire of countries to build world-wide empires. Created intense rivalry among European powers Colonies - source of wealth, power and glory Industrialization - occurred around the world. European powers were scrambling to get parts of Africa Britain - largest empire, including Canada. France & Russia had colonies.Germany wanted an empire, there were few valuable territories left.
Military Rivals Arms Race = Building of armies and navies by countries who wish to have the most power. Great Britain & Germany rivalry. ‘Britannia Rules the waves’ Dreadnaught Affair
Dangerous Alliances Allies – European countries aligned with each other for: Trade Friendship Defense Pre World War I Alliances: Russia and Serbia Germany and Austria-Hungary France and Russia Britain and France and Belgium Japan and Britain
Dangerous Alliances Triple Entente (Allies) Britain, France, and Russia. Triple Alliance (Central Powers) Germany, Austria- Hungary, and Italy.
Nationalism & Terrorism Nationalism, - loyalty to one’s homeland, was causing problems between nations. In Serbia, extreme nationalists formed a terrorist organization - The Black Hand. Serbian Independence Movement = Many Serbs lived in Bosnia, a province under Austrian control. Black Hand Nationalists wanted to free all Serbs in Bosnia so they could live united in their own country of Serbia June 28 th, 1914, Sarajevo = Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand.
June 28 th, 1914 Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia for the deaths of the archduke and his wife. Austria sent Serbia an ultimatum. If Serbia did not crush the Black Hand, Austria threatened to declare war. Serbia was refusing to accept the ultimatum.
July 26 th, 1914 Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Serbia asked Russia for help. Russia prepared to help Serbia. France prepared to help Russia. Germany felt threatened when its two neighbours, Russia and France, began moving their armies.
August 1 st, 1914 Germany declared war on Russia.
August 2 nd, 1914 Germany declared war on France. Germany attacked France by going through Belgium, a neutral country friendly with Britain.
August 4 th, 1914 Britain declared war on Germany because it had attacked Belgium. Canada, as part of the British empire, was automatically at war.
Statistics World War One included: 3 Continents 31 Countries 65 Million Soldiers 37 Million Casualties 91,198 Deaths by Gas 6,395 Allied and Neutral Ships Lost $186.3 Billion Financial Losses
Countries Involved Allied Countries Central Countries Serbia Russia France Belgium Great Britain British Empire Liberia Japan Montenegro Italy San Marino Portugal Romania Austria-Hungary Germany Ottoman Empire (Turkey) Bulgaria Greece China U.S. Cuba Nicaragua Brazil Siam Costa Rica Guatemala Haiti Honduras Countries that only cut off trade Bolivia Ecuador Peru Uruguay