Presentation on theme: "North America: The Human Landscape Current News and Weather Current News and Weather Finish Slides Finish Slides Environmental Issues Environmental Issues."— Presentation transcript:
North America: The Human Landscape Current News and Weather Current News and Weather Finish Slides Finish Slides Environmental Issues Environmental Issues Population and Settlement Population and Settlement Cultural Coherence and Diversity Cultural Coherence and Diversity Economic and Social Development Economic and Social Development For Next Class: Unnatural Causes Background at www.unnaturalcauses.org For Next Class: Unnatural Causes Background at www.unnaturalcauses.org
What is amenity migration and what are the push and pull factors?
Amenity Migration: Process of people moving to areas due to actual or perceived higher environmental quality Push Factors: Urban environments (traffic, density, stress, pollution, limited recreation, etc.) Pull Factors: Recreational opportunities (skiing, biking, kayaking), open space, rural lifestyle, public land, etc.
Stage I – Walking-Horsecar Era –Pedestrian city characterized by compactness Stage II – Electric Streetcar Era –Streetcar suburbs developed as the 30-minute travel radius expanded greatly –Helped to differentiate space in older core city
Stage III – Recreational Automobile Era –Automobiles and highways significantly improved the accessibility of the outer metropolitan ring –Mass wave of suburbanization resulted –Residential space became even more partitioned by class and race Stage IV – Freeway Era –High speed expressways further extended the 30- minute travel radius
A significant product of this Freeway Era has been suburbanization and the associated suburban sprawl that characterizes many landscapes across the country.
Displacement of lower income residents of central-city neighborhoods with higher income residents Rehabilitation of deteriorated inner-city landscapes Construction of new shopping complexes and/or entertainment complexes