Presentation on theme: "FRONTS http://www. phschool The movement of air masses is determined by the prevailing winds and upper air currents This causes most local weather condition."— Presentation transcript:
1 FRONTS http://www. phschool The movement of air masses is determined by the prevailing winds and upper air currentsThis causes most local weather condition changesReminder: Low pressure system = Lousy weatherHigh pressure system = fair weather
2 FRONTAn area where two air masses with different temperatures and densities collide but do not mix.This collision causes storms and changeable weather.There are 4 types of fronts, see esrt. page 13 for symbols.
3 COLD FRONTOccurs when a rapidly moving cold air mass runs into a slowly moving warm air mass.Dense cold air wedges under warmer air and pushes it upward.Warm air rises, cools and condenses.Passage of a cold front means rising barometric pressure = High Pressure systemTowering cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds form from the drops of water produced by the rapid rise of warm air.
4 Weather Conditions:Cold fronts move quickly, therefore they can cause abrupt weather changes.Strong winds and severe thunderstorms often occur.If enough water is in the air, heavy rain or snow can occur.If little water in the air, then there are only cloudy skies.
7 WARM FRONTOccurs when a slow moving warm air mass collides with a slowly moving cold air mass.Cold air is more dense so warm air rises over the cold air. The warm air rises up and over the air mass it is replacing Slower moving than a cold front. , Take a day or two to pass over. As the front passes, the temperature increases slowly Passage of a warm front means sinking barometric pressure = low pressure system
8 Weather Conditions Clouds, storms and rain often occur. If the warm air is dry, clouds form.If the warm air is humid, showers form along the boundary The rising air may lead to thick layered clouds and gentle but long lasting precipitationLight rain or snow for long periods
11 STATIONARY FRONTWhen the power of the cold and warm air are the same, neither the cold and warm air masses do not have enough force to move the other. Where the warm and cool air meet, water vapor in the warm air condenses into rain, snow, fog or clouds. Can remain in one location and keep skies cloudy for hours to days. Direction of the movement is difficult to predict with a stationary front.*** If the stationary front advances towards the side of the half circles, it becomes a warm front.*** If the stationary front advances towards the side of the blue triangles, it becomes a cold front.
13 OCCLUDED FRONTCold fronts move faster than warm fronts resulting in the cold front overtaking the warm frontA warm air mass is caught between two cooler air massesThe less dense warm air mass is pushed up.The air below becomes cooler and the warm air mass is cut off from the ground (aka “occluded”)Body of warm air is held aloft by two cooler air masses merging beneath
14 Weather Conditions:Warm air cools and water vapor condenses, resulting in cloudy and rainy weather or snow. Often associated with severe weather conditions ** The warm air/cold air interface is isolated above surface, a change in temp may not be noticed on the ground.