2 Steering – Hand Positioning Hand over hand steeringPush-pull feed steering“9 and 3” or “8 and 4”“Thumbs up”
3 Steering In A Straight Line Steer to a point in the center of your path of travel, looking well ahead, not down.Make slight, constant corrections with the steering wheel, don’t “oversteer” or wander in your lane.
4 Steering In ReverseTurn your head and your shoulders so that you can look back in the direction you want to move.When moving backward, the rear of your vehicle moves in the direction that you want to turn the steering wheel, while the front moves in the opposite direction.When backing, do not uses the mirrors very often, look in the direction you are moving.
5 Right Turns Check the roadway. Choose the correct lane. Communicate your intentions.Position the vehicle correctly.As you turn, follow the general curve of the curb as you turn.Complete the turn by reversing your steering as you accelerate.Cancel turn signal after turn is complete.
6 Left Turns Make sure you have a clear path of travel. Proceed in the intersection until you are about one lane width away from its center.Keep your wheel straight until path is clear.When clear and after your front tires pass the curb follow the path of travel so that you arrive in the lane just to the right of the center line.Complete the turn by reversing your steering as you accelerate.
7 Turnabouts Are there signs that prohibit the turnabout? Are there laws that prohibit the turnabout when there are no signs?Is there at least 500 ft. if visibility in each direction?Are you near hills, curves, or within 200 ft. of an intersection?Is there heavy traffic?Do you have enough space to complete the maneuver?Are there traffic or pedestrians in your path?
8 Braking Systems – Anti-lock Brakes (ABS) Are designed to keep the wheels on the vehicle from locking when the driver presses too hard on the brake pedal in an emergency.Since the wheels do not lock, the driver can continue to steer the vehicle.
9 Braking Systems – Disc Brakes Pressure squeezes the brake pad against flat metal wheel disc, producing the friction needed to stop the wheel.All vehicles now have disc brakes on the front wheels.Many vehicles have the disc brakes on the back wheels as well.
10 Braking Systems – Drum Brakes The fluid pressure causes the brake shoes to push against the brake lining.The lining the presses against the round hollow metal drum inside the wheel.Friction slows and stops the wheel’s turning motion.
11 Braking Systems – Parking Brakes A parking brake is a mechanically operated brake that is separated from the hydraulic brake system.Attached by a cable to the rear wheels, it is used to prevent parked vehicles from rolling.It can also be used in the case of brake failure.
12 Mechanical Turn Signals Your turn signal, also called a blinker, shows that you plan to turn or change lanes.To operate the signal, move the turn indicator arm up for right turns and down for left turns.Signal at least 100 ft. before making a turn.Signal before you start to brake.If the signal doesn’t stop flashing after the turn, move the lever back by hand.
13 Hand Turn Signals Stopping – hand and arm extended downward. Right turn – hand and arm extended upward.Left Turn – hand and arm extended straight out.
14 Lane Changing Procedures Check rearview and side mirror.Signal Intention.Check rearview and side mirror again.Check blind spot (quick glance over the shoulder in the direction you are moving).Adjust speed as needed.Move smoothly when time and space permits.Cancel signal, if needed.
15 Parking Uphill With A Curb Check traffic.Signal.Bring vehicle to a stop in a normal parallel parked position.Turn wheels away from the curb and slowly let the tires roll back until they touch the curb.Set the parking brake and shift to park.
16 Parking Uphill Without A Curb Check traffic.Signal.Bring vehicle to a stop in a normal parallel parked position.Turn the wheels toward the side of the road (to the right).Set the parking brake and shift to park.
17 Parking Downhill With A Curb Check traffic.Signal.Bring vehicle to a stop in a normal parallel parked position.Turn the wheels towards the curb (to the right) and slowly roll forward until the wheel touches the curb.Set the parking brake a shift to park.
18 Parking Downhill Without A Curb Check traffic.Signal.Bring vehicle to a stop in a normal parallel parked position.Turn the wheels toward the side of the road (to the right)Set the parking brake and shift to park.