Presentation on theme: "The Human Lymphatic System All cells of the body are bathed in a colorless watery fluid called intercellular fluid (tissue fluid)."— Presentation transcript:
The Human Lymphatic System All cells of the body are bathed in a colorless watery fluid called intercellular fluid (tissue fluid).
The Human Lymphatic System Intercellular fluid contains: - water- protein- wastes - salts- nutrients It helps to move materials between capillaries and body cells Exchange of materials occurs through this fluid The fluid is formed from blood plasma that diffuses out of the capillaries
Functions of Lymphatic System The excess fluid and proteins from the intercellular spaces are returned to the blood by lymphatic system. It helps maintaining the fluidity of blood and prevents the swelling of tissue by accumulation of excess fluid. It transports fatty acids, glycerol and fat soluble vitamins. It defends the body against diseases by immune mechanisms.
Parts of Lymphatic System Lymphatic system is composed of: lymph lymph capillaries lymph vessels lymph nodes (contain lymphocytes and macrophages) lymph organs/glands: spleen, tonsils, thymus
Spleen: - located near stomach - filters out bacteria - worn out red blood cells from blood Thymus: - located in the middle of the chest - provide growth and immunity - gets smaller when the organism gets older - secretes thymosin (helps T lymphocytes to become mature) Parts of Lymphatic System
Lymphatic capillaries are tiny vessels of the lymphatic system. Near each cell there are lymph capillaries. Their one end is closed. When water and proteins enter lymph capillaries they are called lymph. Lymph capillaries are made up of squamus epithelial cells, they are more permeable then blood capillaries. Parts of Lymphatic System
Lymph Glands play role in body defense against disease filter foreign matters from lymph (such as cancer cells, bacteria) produces lymphocytes *** If there is an infection they get enlarged.
The Ways of Lymph Fat soluble vitamins + Fatty acids + Glycerol (from small intestine) absorbed by lacteals Lower parts of the body, left arm, left side of head and chest Lymph reservoir (peke sarnıcı) Thoracic duct (göğüs kanalı) Left subclavian vein (sol köprcücük altı toplardamarı) From the left side of the neck Superior vena cava Right atrium