Presentation on theme: "List three discomforts that may accompany menstruation."— Presentation transcript:
List three discomforts that may accompany menstruation.
The Menstrual Cycle During the menstrual cycle, an ovary releases a mature egg. The egg travels to the uterus. If the egg is not fertilized, the uterine lining is shed and a new cycle begins.
Factors Affecting the Menstrual cycle On average, a menstrual cycle lasts 28 days. Cycles as short as 21 days or as long as 35 days can be normal for some individuals. Factors such as diet, stress, exercise, and weight gain or loss all affect the menstrual cycle.
Factors Affecting the Menstrual cycle Except during pregnancy, menstrual cycles occur each month from puberty until about the age of 45 to 55. At this point in life, called menopause, the ovaries slow down their hormone production and no longer release mature eggs. Gradually the menstrual cycle stops and the woman is no longer able to become pregnant.
Stages of the Menstrual Cycle Pg. 472 Figure 8
Menstrual Discomfort Abdominal cramps Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, is marked by nervous tension, mood swings, headaches, bloating, and irritability. This is generally caused by the dramatic change in hormone levels. Reducing salt, sugar, and caffeine intake and getting regular exercise will help reduce the effects of PMS.
Toxic Shock Syndrome A rare but serious medical condition associated with tampon use is toxic shock syndrome. Caused by a bacterial infection Symptoms include sudden high fever, a rash, vomiting, diarrhea, and dizziness. To decrease the risk of this syndrome, women should use tampons with the lowest possible absorbency for their needs and change tampons often.