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Canada’s Immigration Policy

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1 Canada’s Immigration Policy
Chapter 5 Canada’s Immigration Policy “How well do Canada’s Immigration Laws and Policies Respond to Immigration Issues?

2 Key Understandings 9.1.8 Assess, critically, how legislative processes attempt to address emerging issues of immigration by exploring and reflecting upon the following questions and issues: What factors influence immigration policies in Canada (i.e., economic, political, health, security)? How are changes to Canadian policies on immigration and refugees a reflection of world issues? What impact does increasing immigration have on Aboriginal peoples and communities? How are provincial governments able to influence and implement immigration policies? How is the implementation of immigration policies in Québec an attempt to strengthen the French language in North America? What is the relationship between immigration policies in Canada and the rights guaranteed in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms? To what extent does Canada benefit from immigration?

3 As a class, brainstorm reasons why you think people would want to leave their home country (Push Factors): why people have chosen to leave their country of origin or their region. government conflicts, poor standard of living, lack of basic needs, or war. Why do you think people would want to immigrate (move to) Canada (Pull Factors)?   some of Canada’s pull factors include democratic government, the many employment opportunities, publicly funded health care, and the safety and security of a nation that all Canadians take pride in. push factors: reasons why people emigrate from a certain region or country; these may include political, economic, health, or security factors pull factors: reasons why people immigrate to a certain region or country; these may include political, economic, health, or security factors

4 CHAPTER 5 VOCABULARY Immigration Refugees Family Class
Economic Immigrants Other (Class) Immigration and Refugee Protection Act 2002 Demographics Labour Force Growth Workforce Law VS Policy (pg 168) Point System Factors for Economic Immigrant’s Immigration Test Health Factor Language of Immigrants Singh Decision Provincial Nomination Program Accord Quebec Accord

5 What Criteria Does Canada Use When Accepting Immigrants and Refugees?
Use pages 162 – 179 determine whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). Correct those statements that are false, by changing a word or phrase, or re‐writing the statement if necessary. 1. _____ The majority of immigrants to Canada come from the Refugee and Family Classes. 2. _____ The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act was developed in 1867 and is still essentially the same in 2008. 3. _____ Respect for the bilingual and multicultural character of Canada are important objectives of the Immigration and Protection Act of 2002 4. _____ According to the 2006‐2007Report on Plans and Priorities Canada’s Labour Force Growth will continue because of the high birth rate. Increase immigration is not necessary to maintain economic growth. 5. _____ The difference between a Law and Policy in Canada is that a Policy describes principles or conditions that must be followed by the government. 6. _____ Canada’s Immigration Policy sets the procedures for evaluating immigrants and how many are allowed each year.

6 7. _____ In order to qualify for immigration to Canada, Refugee and Family Class immigrants need to accumulate a total of 67 points. system used to evaluate potential immigrants dates back to 1867. 9._____ Health requirements do not apply to people who are considered Refugees or Family‐ Class immigrants. 10._____ Canada’s original immigration policies favoured immigrants of British ancestry. 11._____ The Head Tax that was imposed by the Canadian government in 1885 was designed to limit the number of French speaking people from Belgium, Switzerland, and France. 12._____ Canada signed a document called the U.N. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees in 1951.

7 13._____ Refugee status is only offered to those people who face torture, or cruel and unusual treatment in their own country. 14._____ Canada’s Immigration Act changed in 1976 by attempting to prevent immigration by individuals who may try to destroy democracy or use force against the government. 15._____ Many reasons, like floods, earthquakes, war, overpopulation, and poverty contribute to more people applying for immigration to Canada. 16._____ The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, 2002 tried to provide more security for Canadians by decreasing the number of immigrants from unstable nations.

8 How do the Individual and Collective Rights of Canadians Influence Immigration Laws and Policies?
Fill in the blanks with correct words or phrases using pgs. 180 – 185. The top 5 “first languages” of immigrants to Canada in 2006 were ____________, ____________, _____________, ________________, and __________________ Following a Supreme Court decision on April 4, 1985 in favour of Satman Singh, this day became known as ____________________________ This change to the Immigration Act of 1976 guarantees all refugees in Canada the right to a ______________________________________________with the Immigration and Refugee Board. In October 2005, the Assembly of First Nations presented a resolution to the federal government calling for a halt to _______________________ until needs of _____________________________ were met. One of the immigration challenges facing Francophone organizations in places like Alberta, is that new immigrants are not from _____________, but instead from _____________, where the culture is different than traditional Francophones in Canada. A concern is that without a French- speaking immigration vision, these new immigrants will end up at ___________________ speaking schools.

9 How do Provinces Influence Immigration Laws and Policies. Pgs
Look at the map on pg. 188, then suggest some reasons why 68% of all immigrants to Canada have settled in areas of Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal? How does the Provincial Nomination Program help both immigrants to Canada and the provinces of Canada? Immigrants_____________________________________________________________ Provinces______________________________________________________________

10 In 2007 what parts of Alberta’s economy were mostly in need of workers that could be filled by immigrants? Use the chart on page 190 Using the two graphics on pg. 190, does it appear that the Provincial Nomination Program is meeting Alberta’s labour needs? Why? Together lets read page 191 How does the Canada-Quebec Accord offer ways for Quebec to affirm the use of French language? Identify two specific ways.

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