Presentation on theme: "Human Geography of Canada Developing a Vast Wilderness"— Presentation transcript:
1 Human Geography of Canada Developing a Vast Wilderness History and Government of Canada
2 ObjectiveThe student will examine Canadian expansion and development and be able to describe Canadian government.
3 Places and Terms province Dominion of Canada confederation parliamentary governmentparliamentprime minister
4 The First Settlers and Colonial Rivalry Canada’s vast size & cold climate affected it’s development.Early people migrated after the last Ice Age, many being the ancestors of the Inuit (Eskimos)16th & 17th Century: Colonization by France & Britain.Coastal fisheries & fur trade important to both countries.
5 Britain and France in Canada Two CulturesRoman Catholic FrenchLower Canada (Quebec)Protestant EnglishUpper Canada (Ontario)
6 Britain and France in Canada Establishing the Dominion of Canada1867: British North America ActA loose confederation of Ontario & Quebec as well as Nova Scotia & New BrunswickHad self-government but remained part of British Empire with Ottawa as the capitalExpansion of Dominion was rapid
8 Continental Expansion 1872: Construction of transcontinental railroadNot long after the completion of the railroad gold was found in Yukon which brought people from all over the world to seek their fortuneAs a result of the transcontinental railroad many towns developed.
9 Governing CanadaCanada was recognized as an independent nation by Britain in 1931Parliamentary GovernmentLegislative & Executive functions are combined into “parliament”Canada is independent but it’s symbolic head of state remains the British MonarchMajority party’s leader in parliament becomes “Prime Minister”
10 Review Questions Why did France and Britain fight? Why was the Dominion of Canada formed?What brought immigrants to Canada in the late 1800s?How is it determined who heads the government?
11 Human Geography of Canada Developing a Vast Wilderness Economy and Culture of Canada
12 ObjectiveThe student will identify economic power and examine cultural diversity in Canada.
13 Places and TermsFirst Nationsmétis (may-TEES)reserve
14 Economy and Culture of Canada Fur trade was a major economic activity in early CanadaFirst Nations - Canada’s native peoples began fur trade with European Fisherman during the 16th century
15 Economy and Culture of Canada Primary Industries: Farming, logging, mining, & fishingOnly 5% of land suitable for farmingBiggest export: Forest productsThree ocean coastlines give ample access to fishing industryNorth American Free Trade Agreement or NAFTA signed in (1994) allowed the United States and Canada to trade goods easily. These two countries share the largest open border in the world.
17 Economy and Culture of Canada Canada is officially a bilingual countryEnglish speaking majorityFrench speaking minorityOnly in Quebec is French spoken in the majority
18 Economy and Culture of Canada Sports and RecreationCanadians enjoy sports such as skating, ice hockey, fishing, skiing, golf, and hunting are popular.The First Native peoples developed the game of lacrosse.
19 Human Geography of Canada Developing a Vast Wilderness Subregions of Canada
20 ObjectiveThe student will examine the subregions of Canada.
21 Places and Terms Atlantic Provinces Quebec Ontario Prairie Provinces British ColumbiaNunavut
23 Subregions of CanadaCanada is divided into ten provinces and three territoriesAtlantic Provinces include Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, & St. John
24 Subregions of CanadaCore Provinces include Quebec and Ontario, which sustain three out of every five Canadian residentsPrairie Provinces are part of the Great Plains of North America.Pacific Provinces include British Columbia and the three territoriesNunavut was carved out of the eastern half of the Northwest Territories and is home to many of Canada’s Inuit
25 Map ActivityUsing a piece of computer paper draw Canada and label all ten provinces and three territories.Label the following areas – Ottawa, Toronto, Quebec, St. Lawrence, Newfoundland, Winnipeg, Calgary, Vancouver, Edmond, Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and Hudson BayReference pages 154, 157, and Atlas – p.11Ask teacher for markers, map pencils, or other supplies