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© Rafael Moreno Esteban Relative nouns and Relative clauses EOI El Puerto 2º CAL Inglés
© Rafael Moreno Esteban Relative pronoun UseExample Who subject or object pronoun for people I told you about the woman who lives next door. Which subject or object pronoun for animals and things Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof? Which referring to a whole sentence He couldn’t read which surprised me. Whose possession for people animals and things Do you know the boy whose mother is a nurse? Whom object pronoun for people, especially in non-defining relative clauses (in defining relative clauses we colloquially prefer who) I was invited by the professor whom I met at the conference. That subject or object pronoun for people, animals and things in defining relative clauses (who or which are also possible) I don’t like the table that stands in the kitchen.
© Rafael Moreno Esteban Relative Adverbs A relative adverb can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus preposition. This often makes the sentence easier to understand. This is the shop in which I bought my bike. → This is the shop where I bought my bike. This is the shop in which I bought my bike. → This is the shop where I bought my bike. Relative adverb MeaningUseExample When in/on which refers to a time expression the day when we met him Where in/at which refers to a place the place where we met him why for which refers to a person the reason why we met him
© Rafael Moreno Esteban Defining relative clauses UseExamplesNotes/Problems To give essential information about a person, placer, or thing. She’s the woman who works with me. It’s a book which tells you how to relax. That’s the flat where Alice lives. That’s the girls whose father is a film director. You can use that instead of who or which, especially when speaking, e.g. She’s the woman that works with me. who/which are often omitted when the verb after the relative pronoun has a different subject She’s the girl (who) I met last night. The subject of met is I. whose and where can never be omitted
© Rafael Moreno Esteban Non-Defining relative clauses UseExamplesNotes/Problems To give extra information about a person, place or thing. Use who, which, where, and whose. Chester, where my parents live, is a beautiful town. Last week I saw my aunt, who’s nearly 80 years old. This picture, which was painted in 1923, is worth millions of pounds. Always put commas (or a comma and a full stop) before and after the clause. In these clauses who, which, where, and whose can’t be omitted. ! You can’t use that instead of who/which.
© Rafael Moreno Esteban How to Shorten Relative Clauses? Relative clauses with who, which, that as subject pronoun can be replaced with a participle. This makes the sentence shorter and easier to understand. participle I told you about the woman who lives next door. – I told you about the woman living next door. Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof? – Do you see the cat lying on the roof?
© Rafael Moreno Esteban Exercises on Pronouns and Relative Adverbs Exercise on Relative Pronouns Exercise on Relative Pronouns Exercise on Relative Pronouns Subject Pronouns or Object Pronouns? Subject Pronouns or Object Pronouns? Subject Pronouns or Object Pronouns? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Pronouns – Necessary or not? Relative Adverbs Relative Adverbs Relative Adverbs
RELATIVE SENTENCES © BENI SUAREZ PRADO RELATIVE SENTENCES FUNCTION AS ADJECTIVES THERE ARE TWO TYPES DEFINING NON- DEFINING.
UNIT 5 ReLative Clauses. Defining relative clauses essential information. EX: The woman who showed the most determination got the job.
Relative pronouns relative pronoun use example who
Relative pronouns and relative clauses. A relative clause gives information about a noun. It immediately follows the noun it describes and often begins.
Unit 13: Relative Pronouns
MARISA VIESCA. There are two kinds of relative clauses: Defining Relative Clauses Non-Defining Relative Clauses.
BASIC LEVEL 2. Relative clauses are subordinate clauses. Relative clauses function as adjectives: The blue jacket The jacket which is blue But the.
RELATIVE CLAUSES 1st batxiller / Col.legi Sant Pere.
RELATIVE CLAUSES. 1. Subject and Object Relative clauses give extra information about a noun in the main clause. They can refer to this as subject or.
RELATIVE CLAUSES Ies Argentona English Seminar. Relative Clauses are formed by joining 2 sentences: - “ Alina is the student”+ “She comes from Russia”:
RELATIVE PRONOUNS DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES.
Defining and non-defining relative clauses and pronouns Zdania względne określające i nie określające oraz zaimki względne.
RELATIVE CLAUSES. Relative clauses describe and provide information about something or someone that we have usually already specified. –I like working.
RELATIVE SENTENCES. DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES Defining relative clauses tell us some essential information about the things or people they refer to:
DEFINING CLAUSES give essential information about their antecedent and without them the meaning will be incomplete. These never go between commas.
Relative clauses Introduced by relative pronouns (who, whom, whose, which, that) or relative adverbs (when, where, why)
Relative Pronouns and Relative Adverbs
OBJECTIVES 1.Relative clauses 2.Listening practice 3.Oral presentation a news report (sport, environment, education etc.) two minutes speaking about one.
Defining / non-defining
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