UNESCO normative framework: non- binding instruments 2001 Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity (and Action Plan) 2003 Recommendation concerning the Promotion and Use of Multilingualism and Universal Access to Cyberspace
UNESCO normative framework: non- binding instruments 2001 Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity, Action Plan: -safeguarding the linguistic heritage of humanity and giving support to expression, creation and dissemination in the greatest possible number of languages; -encouraging linguistic diversity – while respecting the mother tongue – at all levels of education, wherever possible, and fostering the learning of several languages from the earliest age; and - promoting linguistic diversity in cyberspace and encouraging universal access through the global network to all information in the public domain.
UNESCO normative framework: binding instruments 1960 Convention against Discrimination in Education 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (safeguarding language as a vehicle of intangible heritage) 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (linguistic diversity in cultural activities, goods and services)
Monitoring implementation of 2003 and 2005 Conventions 2012: first round of periodic reports for the 2003 and 2005 Conventions 22 and 48 reports as of 2012 high rate of responses on language information about policies, as well as legislative and institutional measures regional, national and supranational level analysis ongoing by UNESCO
Preliminary analysis for 2005 Convention a)Activities of countries with recognized indigenous linguistic minorities (Argentina, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, etc.) Adoption of policies and strategies Adoption of laws and regulations, some of them of a regional nature Funding projects, subsidies and grants to non-government organisations Public service broadcasting funding and quotas Formal and non-formal education Sensitizing majority-language speakers to the problems of linguistic minorities Setting up dedicated agencies
Preliminary analysis for 2005 Convention b) Activities of countries with transnational or immigrant language communities (Austria, Denmark, Latvia, New Zealand, Spain, etc.) Teaching the language to migrants Funding translations from and into the national or official language Funding language institutions abroad
Preliminary analysis for 2005 Convention c) Supranational activities (European Union, Germany, Italy, Spain, etc.) translation of written works between countries translation from foreign literatures promotion of the national language and culture abroad Reports from European and Latin American countries
International legal instruments relevant to endangered languages Binding standard-setting instruments International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) (1966) Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (1992) International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1965) ILO Convention 169 Concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries (1989) Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) Non-binding standard-setting instruments Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities (1992) Vienna Declaration and Programme for Action (1993) United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007)