Presentation on theme: "By Saleh A. Al-Hassoun Associate Professor Department of Civil Engineering College of Engineering King Saud University Riyadh, Saudi Arabia"— Presentation transcript:
By Saleh A. Al-Hassoun Associate Professor Department of Civil Engineering College of Engineering King Saud University Riyadh, Saudi Arabia firstname.lastname@example.org SIMULATION OF MOISTURE AND RECHARGE IN SAND DUNE USING 'SWIM' MODEL
OBJECTIVES Simulation of soil moisture distribution. Estimation of aquifer recharge. In sand dune in Qassim region in Saudi Arabia. Using : Numerical Model named 'SWIM'.
What is “SWIM” ? SWIM is an acronym for Soil Water Infiltration and Movement. It is a software package developed and published in 1990 by Ross (SWIM V1). SWIM allows addition of water to the system as precipitation and removal by run-off, drainage, evaporation from the soil surface and transpiration by vegetation. It consists of a menu-driven suite of three programs that allow the user to simulate soil water balances using numerical solutions 1. SWIMFILE 2. SWIMEV 3. SWIMPLOT
Richard’s equation q flux density (L/T), K hydraulic conductivity (L/T), h hydraulic head at position x in direction of flow (L). θ volumetric water content (dimensionless), t time (T), S source strength (1/T ). h = + z is matric potential (L) z is elevation head (L)
Field Data % sand in all samples were between 90.44% and 99.06%. K ranged from 1.32 x 10 -3 cm/s(1.14 m/day) to 13.64 x 10 -3 cm/s(11.78 m/day). Precipitation was obtained using an automatic weather station for the whole season (annual avg. precipitation ~ 120 -150 mm.) Evaporation in the study area was obtained on daily basis (annual avg. evaporation ~ 2500-3000 mm.) Infiltration was measured using infiltrometers in the site.
Application of SWIM Model water content(L3/L3), s saturated water content e capillary fringe b minus of slope of the straight line approximate water retention curve on Log-Log scale plot. It is found to be 1.5. K hydraulic conductivity at field saturation and was determined by calibration in laboratory and found as 60 cm/hr., n =2 + 3/b
MODEL RESULTS At SDB1 (on Oct. 10, 1997) – Simulation started (on April 7,1997 )
MODEL RESULTS At SDB2 (on Oct. 17, 1999) Simulation started (on May 5,1997 )
Comparison of Water Contents Comparison of Predicted at SDB 2 with the observed (actual) evolution of water content at site SDB 5 on same date (on Oct. 10, 1997).
Drainage Result cumulative recharge at the end of 2 years was found as 30 mm. cumulative rainfall during same period was recorded as 276 mm. Aquifer recharge below the sand dunes in Qassim region is about 11% of the total rainfall during study period.
CONCLUSIONS Application of 'SWIM' model to estimate moisture and aquifer recharge in sand dunes reasonably well. An acceptable value of recharge under dunes in the study area has been predicted by 'SWIM' model. Recommendation More field data from other sand dune areas should be collected and used in this model to prove its usefulness.