Presentation on theme: "PowerPoint presentation"— Presentation transcript:
1 PowerPoint presentation Unit 201: Health safety and welfare in constructionAccidents and emergency reporting, procedures and documentation, and hazards in the workplace
2 Objectives By the end of this session you will be able to: State legislation used for reporting accidentsState major types of emergences that can occurIdentify reportable injuries' and diseases as per RIDDORIdentify the authorised personal involved in dealing with accident and emergency situationsKnow what actions are taken when discovering an accidentState the importance of good housekeeping on site and the reasons for risk assessments and method statementsIdentify types of hazards and the correct storage of chemicals on siteIdentify different signs and safety notices used on site
3 Accidents What is an accident ? An accident is an unforeseen, unplanned and uncontrolled eventAn accident is an unfortunate event resulting especially form carelessness or ignoranceTypes of emergencies on siteAs well as accidents other incidents can occur like fire, bomb alerts, chemical spillage and security alertsReporting accidentsAll accidents, including near misses, must be reported to the Healthand Safety Executive (HSE) by employers. Also, employees must report all accidents and near misses to their supervisor. This is so that the cause can be analysed and action taken to prevent incidents happening again.
4 Accidents continued Reporting accidents An accident that causes death, major injury or absence from work for more than 3 days must be reported to the HSE using an Accident Record Form. Minor accidents are usually reported in an Accident Book.A manager or supervisor normally completes accident reports. You might need to give information if you are involved or witnessed the accident.The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995Why report accidents?Reporting accidents allows you to look closely at what causes accidents. This means that you can take action to prevent them in future.
5 Accidents continued The Accident Book All accidents, even minor ones, have to be entered into the employer’s Accident Book at work.These facts must be recordedThe name of the injured person, home address and occupationThe signature of the person making the entry, home address, occupation and dateWhen and where the accident happenedA brief description of the accident, cause and what the injury isWhether it is reportable to the HSE (this is the employer’s responsibility).Activity Now complete activity sheet 4 and carefully follow the instructions
7 Types of accidents in the construction sector There were 49 fatal injuries to workers in Construction in 2011/12, 23 of these fatalities were to the self-employed. The main cause of construction worker fatalities were:
8 Types of accidents in the construction sector There were 2,230 reported major injuries to construction employees in 2011/12. The most common causes of major injuries to construction employees were:
9 Types of accidents in the construction sector Reported non-fatal injuries per year to employees in construction between 2006/07 and 2010/11 (main occupations)
10 What do the accident figures tell us? Activity Look at the tables on the previous slides Check you understand the figures. Use the percentages to make a chart or diagram. See activity sheet 5 for full details. Discuss the main findings. What causes most accidents? What occupation had the most accidents ?
11 The importance of good housekeeping You are responsible for health and safety – even if you don’t directly employ the people working on your siteKeep your site clean and tidy, with clear space for people to work inKeep people, including the public, away from dangerFence the site off and use warning signs
12 The importance of good housekeeping FactEach year around 1000 trips or slips on construction sites involve someone fracturing bones or dislocating jointsThese incidents can cause permanent disablement and have a huge impact on both work and personal life. Many of are caused simply because there is something in the person’s way, such as building materials or wasteMaterials storageSafe and efficient materials storage depends on good co-operation and co- ordination between everyone involved including, client, contractors, suppliers and the construction trades.Waste managementThe legislation governing the proper disposal of waste, ranging from low risk waste through to hazardous waste . These laws are enforced by the Environment Agency and Local Authorities.
13 The importance of good housekeeping Top tips for waste management on smaller projects:
14 Risk AssessmentsA risk assessment is careful study of some work that is to be done so as to identify the risks to health and safety of the persons who are going to do it, to decide how those risks can be eliminated or avoided, or what control measures are needed so that the work can be done safely and without risks to health.
15 How to assess the risks in your workplace Follow the five steps Step 1 - Identify the hazards Step 2 - Decide who might be harmed and how Step 3 - Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions Step 4 - Record your findings and implement them Step 5 - Review your assessment and update if necessary Activity Complete activity sheet 7 place the risks in the correct order
16 Types of hazards in the workplace Common hazards on construction sitesFaults in equipment and toolsStored substancesDangerously stacked materialsMaterials obstructing safe access, or simply a lack of site safety.FallsFalling objectsElectricityOver a third of hazards reported are from trips and falls
17 Types of hazards in the workplace Activity Watch the video and follow the instructions can you identify the hazards in the workplace?
18 The Storage of Chemical in the workplace Using and storing hazardous substances on construction sites are a major health and safety riskHow do you know a substance is hazardous?COSHH data sheetsMost substances carry a warning sign and usage instructionsNEVER USE HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES UNLESS YOU HAVE HAD CLEAR GUIDANCE ON USAGE
19 The Storage of Chemical in the workplace continued Definitions Substance means any natural or artificial material, whether solid, liquid or gaseous or vapour form, and includes micro-organisms. Hazard is the ability of the substance to cause harm, illness or damage to health. Risk is the likelihood that the hazardous potential of the substance will be released.
20 Method statementsA method statement is a useful way of recording the hazards involved in specific work task and communicating the risk and precautions required to all those involved in the work.Key pointsThe statement need be no longer than necessary to achieve these objectives effectively.The statement should be clear and illustrated by simple sketches where necessary.Avoid ambiguities or generalisations, which could lead to confusion.Statements are for the benefit of those carrying out the work and their immediate supervisors and should not be overcomplicated.Equipment needed for safe working should be clearly identified and available before work startsWorkers should know what to do if the work method needs to be changed.Examples of completed method statements and a blank template
21 Safety signs and the law Employers are required to provide safety signs to ensure employees are aware of what does or may affect health and safetyEach type has a shape and colourThey use few words but give the message quickly using symbols and picturesThere are four types of signs in general useEach site will have signs at the site entrance
22 The four types of safety signs Mandatory - Must obey, white symbol on a blue background Warning - Risk of danger, hazard ahead, triangular with a yellow background Prohibition - Stop must not do, Red on a white background Safe conditions - Gives you information, Green with a white symbol
23 Activity http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X19HNwZnKuc Watch the video on poor safety and discuss what went wrong?
24 Safety SignsTo be safe at work make sure you understand and recognise the different safety signs visible around the site Activity Using activity sheet 6 match the signs with the meaning and the type of sign displayed. You can work in groups or individually.