Presentation on theme: "CPWF Phase 2 (2009-2014) Focusing on achievable impacts in 6 river basins."— Presentation transcript:
CPWF Phase 2 (2009-2014) Focusing on achievable impacts in 6 river basins
CPWF aims to increase the resilience of social and ecological systems through better water management for food production Through its broad partnerships, it conducts research that leads to impact on the poor and to policy change 2
Six basin development challenges Andes – Benefit-sharing mechanisms Mekong – Dams and livelihoods Nile – Rainwater management in Ethiopia Volta – Small reservoirs, rainwater and livelihoods Limpopo – Small reservoirs, rainwater and livelihoods Ganges – Floods and salt in the Delta 4
How we work Impact pathways in our R4D projects describe how participatory research, through changing stakeholders' knowledge, attitudes and skills, trigger innovation processes Decentralised experimentation and centralised learning Our core principles: working in partnership, capacity building, adaptive management, gender and interdisciplinary integration
The Nile BDC and research program Helping our partners achieve impact and capacity
The Nile BDC and research program The challenge is to improve rural livelihoods and their resilience through a landscape approach to rainwater management in the Ethiopian Highlands Research will develop appropriate, landscape level, rainwater management methods across three agro-ecosystems ranging from rainfed agriculture to livestock farming mixing together The developed systems will address the multiple needs of rural communities, improve water productivity, and generate more resilient livelihoods 7
Expected national and regional impacts beyond the Nile BDC Reversing Ethiopia’s food insecurity Improve natural resources management in the Ethiopian highlands Guiding the development of Ethiopia’s water resources to increase food security and reduce poverty A “virtuous cycle of rising productivity, improving human well-being, and reversing land forest and water degradation, from which not only will the people of Ethiopia benefit, but also the inhabitants of the downstream countries” (Nile Project 1) 8
Nile Project 2 Title: On integrated rainwater management strategies – technologies, institutions and policies 9
Integrated Rainwater Management Strategies: Technologies, Institutions and Policies (NL 2) Integrated Rainwater Management Strategies: Technologies, Institutions and Policies (NL 2) “Improve rural livelihoods and their resilience through a landscape approach to rainwater management” “Improve rural livelihoods and their resilience through a landscape approach to rainwater management”
Managing rainwater well in this “playing field” starts with the recognition that rainwater supports a number of ecosystem services- crops, trees, livestock, rivers and groundwater, and the people and creatures….at the site and downstream. The basin, the catchment, the watershed, is the “playing field” of water. FACT- 1
FACT- 2 In rain-fed farming systems, dramatic gains in agricultural productivity and production can be achieved with small amounts of water, when timed to mitigate yield losses and ensure the critical supplies. And ill planned interventions/ intensification is not always sustainable!!
Impacts on rural livelihoods has been limited??
International Water Management Institute (IWMI) 1.Guidance on identifying suitable and effective RMS across the Ethiopian Highlands Characterization of study landscapes, water use: How much rain falls and where does the water go? How much water is ‘used’ in different components of landscape? What changes will different interventions make? What are on-site and downstream impacts of scaling-up the interventions? Assessment of RMS for crops 2. Synthesis and integrated RMS (Crops, Livestock, Trees, Ecosystem) and scenarios including strategies for targeting, planning and uptake of RMS.
World Agro-forestry Centre (ICRAF) Assessment of RMS for trees Site characterization, tree cover change, LULC, history of interventions using archived Landsat imagery (1970-2010) Initial RMS assessment for trees and indicators at field farm and landscape scales. Final RMS assessment using polyscape negotiation tool under various tree cover scenarios; selection of economically viable tree species and management options.
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) 1.Developing Innovative Mechanisms for Local Stakeholder Engagement Baseline adoption and preliminary diagnosis of actors and interactions Establishment of Learning and Practice Alliance (LPAs)/ Learning Platforms Guiding LPAs’ establish joint action plan for interventions Monitoring of the innovation processes Methodologies for livelihood assessment 2. Integrating Livestock into Broader RMS Characterization of livestock production systems and trends RMS assessment for livestock and indicators
Overseas Development Institute, UK Ensure those implementing water resources and other agricultural development plans are more effectively implementing RMS Baseline diagnosis of current knowledge of the actors with regard to RMS and identification of bottlenecks Training on incentives and barriers to innovation, adaptation and adoption of RMS and stakeholder & policy assessment. Stakeholder maps and policy analysis Analysis of incentives and barriers to innovation, adaptation and adoption of RMS
3. Selection of Landscapes and Action Research Sites Three landscapes varying in a number of defining criterion have been selected at: 1.Fogera 2.Diga 3.Jeldu
Outcome Logic Model – what is it? CPWF projects use a project implementation tool called the Outcome Logic Model All project activities are designed to bring about changes in knowledge, attitudes and skills of key actors leading to a series of desired outcomes The project is therefore framed around a series of “Changes”. 22
Changes Change 1: Wereda, Regional, and/or NGO planners active in study site landscapes are using more effective tools for planning for RMS at landscape scale: 1) Evidence-based 2) Tailored to different social and ecological niches 3) Cross-sectoral 4) Participatory 23
Changes Change 2: Those implementing water resource and other agricultural development plans (Wereda and NGO staff) are more effectively implementing RWM plans. 24
Changes Change 3: Increased collective action and institutions for uptake of RMS at farm and community levels, and these supported by Wereda, DA's and NGO's actors 25
How will these changes happen? Identification of promising interventions that lead to enhanced rainwater management and hence improved livelihoods and environmental resilience Establishment or strengthening of “Learning and Practice Alliances” at local level for knowledge exchange and joint action Using LPAs to foster and accelerate innovation related to Rainwater Management Strategies 26
Baselining To understand current status we need to establish baselines for the “Change lines” in the project. So for Change 1 (Wereda, Regional, and/or NGO planners active in study site landscapes are using more effective tools for planning for RMS at landscape scale: 1) Evidence-based 2) Tailored to different social and ecological niches 3) Cross- sectoral 4) Participatory) How are things being done at the moment? Research approach to establish these baselines is the focus of this workshop. 27